Topic Search: D



Because medicinal and non-invasive methods of abortion now exist, and because D&C requires heavy sedation or general anesthesia and has higher risks of complication, the procedure has been declining as a method of abortion - Revolvy


Few diagnostic tests draw the ire that D dimer does. From ubiquitous to demonic, for most of this test’s existence it has been a dichotomous marker of clot, either a positive led to diagnostic testing and a negative was a clean pass - Andrea Comiskey MD

DACA Dreamers

The health and wellbeing of DREAMers is influenced by politics, culture, racism, xenophobia, and discrimination. The health needs of these young people often go beyond lack of access to medical care - Gilbert Benavidez


The list of potential etiologies of dacryoadenitis is very extensive. However, each cause may be placed into one of two major categories. These include infectious causes or inflammatory reactions - Matthew Witmer MD


Although tear duct infections can occur at any age, they are most common in infants, who commonly have a congenital (inborn) obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct - Harvard Health


We accept health messages from the dairy industry. But they’re a food business like any other, like Coca-Cola. In general, we don’t think Coke is out to better the world - Alissa Hamilton

Dairy Free

Choosing milk for your morning cereal or coffee used to be pretty simple: skim, low-fat or whole. These days, though, market shelves and refrigerators are crowded with an array of alternatives: soy, almond, rice, hemp and more - LA Times


It appears that, at any stage of life, Dance as a holistic physical activity has the capacity to positively impact the human being on every level: physical, mental, emotional, even spiritual - Jean-Guy de Gabriac

Dandy Walker Syndrome

Is Dandy-Walker really an answer? In my opinion it at least gives it a name. Other than that, it tells us nothing and nobody really knows anything about it—the brain is so complex and so many things can be rerouted that doctors have no way of telling us what to expect - Kathy Labonte


When it comes to losing weight there is no shortage of products, diet plans, or advice out there to confuse you. And there is no quick fix, but then there's the DASH diet

DASH Diets Dont Work...Right?

When it comes to losing weight there is no shortage of products, diet plans, or advice out there to confuse you. And there is no quick fix, but then there's the DASH diet

Date Rape

Rape is one of those horrible things, whether or not is has "date" in front of it. And one of the ways some men rape is by dosing unsuspecting women with "roofies" or similar drugs that render the target incapacitated - Greggory Moore

Date Rape & Real Housewives

Drug rape is one of the fastest-growing crimes against women

Date Rape Drug Detectors

There’s coasters, cups, straws, nail polish and a smart device. Most of these date rape drugs detectors are not yet available - Andrea Fox

Date Rape Drugs

The substance most commonly associated with drug-facilitated sexual assault is alcohol - David Robert Grimes

Date Rape Prevention & Nail Polish

You would think that anyone interested in rape prevention would welcome a new tool that might prevent rapes. But you'd be wrong.

Date Syrup

Date syrup is a nice addition to your sweetener repertoire—I personally love it—but it is still an added sugar and should be used in small amounts in a healthy eating plan - Toby Amidor MS RD

Day Care

High-quality child care is a win-win, helping to raise earnings now and increase productivity over the long term while enriching the lives of children - The New York Times


Daydreaming gets a pretty bad rap. It’s often equated with laziness, and we tend to write off people with wandering minds as being absent-minded “space cadets” who can’t get their heads out of the clouds - Carolyn Gregoire

Daylight Savings Time

You will never find anybody who can give you a clear and compelling reason why we observe daylight saving time - Dave Barry


Only within the moment of time represented by the present century has one species -- man -- acquired significant power to alter the nature of the world - Rachel Carson, Silent Spring


We have our own culture, our own community. A lot of people don't realize that. They just assume that deaf people are very unfortunate, very disabled, but no - Nyle DiMarco


There are a million ways to die: Yeast infections run amok, working too much, an errant splinter, this season’s influenza, or even voracious mushrooms—we’ve all got to shuffle off this mortal coil somehow - Eleanor Cummins

Death by Suicide - A Growing Public Health Crisis

We need to change the culture of this topic and make it OK to speak about mental health and suicide - Luke Richardson

Death Doulas

Unlike hospice workers, doulas don’t get involved in medical issues. Rather, they support clients emotionally, physically, spiritually and practically, stepping in whenever needed.- Abby Ellin


The end-of-life economy has been painfully slow to adapt – until now. Innovators in this space are reimagining the industry, from making digital wills to turning human remains into compost - Courier

Decadron & Covid-19

In just three months, one British research team identified the first life-saving drug of the pandemic (and helped cancel hydroxychloroquine) - Randy Cron MD

Decaf Coffee

Decaf still faces an enormous stigma both within the coffee industry and out to the working moms on Instagram - Rebecca Jennings

Decompensated Hypothyroidism

HYPOeverything – hypotension, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia, hypoventilation, *hypocardia*, bradycardia but hypocardia sounded cooler - Anand Swaminathan

Decongestant Nasal Sprays

A couple of squirts can shrink swollen tissues in seconds to minutes, letting in an exhilarating rush of fresh air. With some sprays, a single dose works for as long as 12 hours. But relief provided by nasal spray decongestants like Afrin and Neo-Synephrine comes at a price - Richard Saltus


None of the drugs work very well, and they can come with side effects such as jitteriness, dry mouth and elevated blood pressure - Dr. Wanda Filer

Dedicated Bus Lanes: The Easiest Way to Improve Public Transit

The buses are there. The roadways are there. All that’s needed to make bus travel better⎯and therefore more viable⎯is the will to give them their own lane once in a while.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Implanted deep-brain stimulators (DBS) are used by thousands of people with Parkinson’s disease to help control their muscle movements, as well as for other conditions such as pain and epilepsy. There is ongoing interest in using such interventions on different sites in the brain to treat patients with psychiatric disorders, particularly patients with treatment-resistant depression - Joel Dimsdale

Deep Tissue Laser

Clinicians are using laser therapy more often than ever before to help reduce pain and inflammation related to many common conditions - LightForce

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

DVT can occur spontaneously without a known underlying cause or after provoking events, such as trauma, surgery or acute illness - Thrombosis Adviser

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

The DWH oil spill affected a uniquely vulnerable population: unlike some other large oi-spills, the unique vulnerability of communities living on the US Gulf coast is rooted in a risk paradigm of three intersecting domains with synergistic impact- a historic burden of health disparities, persistent environmental health threats, and residence in a geographic area prone to both natural and technologic disasters - Maureen Lichtveld MD MPH

DEET Sprays

Poor DEET—nobody wants to invite it to their birthday party. And that's very sad, because DEET is the most tested insect repellent available on the market - Leigh Krietsch Boerner

Defib 247

Despite CPR and 911 the odds of surviving Sudden Cardiac Arrest are worse than winning in Las Vegas. And it doesn't matter whether you are young or old. Sudden cardiac arrest affects us all


Despite the increasing availability of AEDs the survival rates from sudden cardiac arrest remains dismal. Why?

Degenerative Disc Disease

The use of the term “disease” in the diagnosis is not in the patient’s best interest because it misinforms patients, may lead to unnecessary treatment and can worsen the prognosis - John Seivert


It is chronic water shortage in the body that causes most diseases of the human body - Dr. Fereydoon Batmanghelidj

Dehydration Survivor Samoa - Scariest Moment Ever

We’ve heard about the importance of hydration during sports, but now more than ever we are learning about the importance of keeping our bodies hydrated throughout the day, no matter what one's level of activity

DEI (Diversity Equity, and Inclusion) & Healthcare

DEI in no way replaces a strong focus on the latest science and evidence - Association of American Medical Colleges.


Awareness that delirium is a significant problem, not a transitory complication, is recent, an outgrowth of growing expertise in the relatively new field of critical care medicine - Sandra G Boodman

Delirium in the Elderly

There should be a high index of suspicion in the geriatric population, particularly for severely ill patients and patients with a history of dementia, alcoholism, or hypertension - Marianna Karounos DO, MS & Joseph Bove DO

Delirium Tremens

In order to qualify for this diagnosis, patients must have all three cardinal features: alcohol withdrawal, altered mental status and a hyperadrenergic state manifested by tachycardia, hypertension and hyperthermia - Stuart P. Swadron MD

Delta Variant Covid-19

Worries about Delta should galvanize us to really ramp up vaccination efforts and surge vaccines to places where Delta is ticking up - Angela Rasmussen

Delta-8 THC (Weed Light)

While anecdotal evidence suggests that Delta 8 may be a safer alternative for those prone to anxiety or paranoia induced by regular THC, it's crucial to approach these claims with caution. The lack of comprehensive scientific studies means that the full extent of Delta 8's safety and efficacy remains uncertain - Amber Smith


Those with dementia are still people and they still have stories and they still have character and they're all individuals and they're all unique. And they just need to be interacted with on a human level - Carey Mulligan

Dementia & SAGE

Self-administered online tests are a dime a dozen. But one of the simplest has shown itself an effective tool for showing you something about what's going on with your most complex organ

Demerara and Turbinado Sugars

The truth is, raw sugar has about the same number of calories as regular sugar and offers no tangible health benefits - Andrea Boldt


As the prevalence of dengue infection in travellers increases, healthcare professionals all over the world need to become familiar with its presentation - Denguematters

Dengue Vaccines

For more than 75 years, scientists and product developers have attempted to design and advance safe and efficacious dengue vaccine candidates, but the challenges have been substantial and formidable - Stephen J. Thomas

Dental amalgam

In this day and age when we know that mercury is devastating to human health and we know that humans will get incidental exposures from food, air and water, no purposeful exposure to mercury should EVER occur - Eric Uram

Dental Blogs

See what others are of the largest directories for dental blogs on the Internet - HWN

Dental Caries (Cavities)

Early tooth decay has tremendous human and economic costs. Caries, the disease that causes tooth decay, is the most common chronic disease of early childhood - End Cavities

Dental Emergencies

Dental problems can range from benign and bothersome, such as localized tooth pain, fracture, or avulsion, to oropharyngeal cancer, deep-tissue infection, or facial trauma with emergent potentially life-threatening sepsis or airway compromise - EB Medicine

Dental Health

The reality is dental health is an important aspect of your overall health...So, here's the resources to help keep you and those pearly whites healthy!

Dental Hygiene

A healthy mouth makes for a healthy body. If that sounds trite, consider that in recent decades scientists have connected poor oral health to cardiovascular disease, stomach ulcers, pneumonia, malnutrition, and a host of other serious ailments - SA

Dental Hygienists/Therapists

How can we specify our research goals or our proper place in the continuum of patient care, or upgrade our educational programs, or tell the public about ourselves, if we see ourselves as appendages to dentistry - Irene Woodall

Dental Implants

Implants for replacing lost teeth have come a long way... Better materials, procedures and professional experience result in far fewer problems than occurred in the early years of implants - Jane E Brody

Dental Infections

The idea that tooth decay can be life threatening may seem absurd at first, but there's evidence to suggest that what goes on inside your mouth may have far-reaching implications for your whole body health - Alia Hoyt & Sara Elliot

Dental Insurance

The problem with dental insurance is that coverage is pretty poor. While rates are low and the cost of two yearly checkups are often fully covered, payouts for actual dental work are pretty low - Lifehacker

Dental Journals

One of the largest dental journal directories on the Internet plus we give you the added benefit of a synopsis. OK, which one did we miss?

Dental Organizations

Advances in tele-dentistry, mobile care, and education is tipping the balance from treatment to prevention for patients around the world - Renee Morad

Dental Podcasts

If you have Internet access on your phone or laptop while you’re twiddling your thumbs, or if you can spare a few minutes to upload an audio podcast to your MP3 before you leave the house, check out the FREE videos and audio podcasts for dentists

Dental Sealants

Dental sealants are a quick, easy, and relatively cheap (as opposed to the dentist bills you’ll accumulate for root canals) solution for preventing cavities - Tim M Verwest DMD

Dental Spas - What, No Pain?

Health spas, medical spas, pet spas, day spas and now dental spas - a concept that brings comfort to a setting that is all too commonly associated with shots, high pitch drills and pain

Dental Students

We hope we have made it easy for you to study and leave you some time to flash those pearly whites - HWN

Dental therapists

How can we specify our research goals or our proper place in the continuum of patient care, or upgrade our educational programs, or tell the public about ourselves, if we see ourselves as appendages to dentistry - Irene Woodall

Dental Tourism

Dental tourism is becoming big business, with many dental specialists offering the same health standards you would find in the USA and Canada – at a fraction of the cost - Julie Bennett

Dental Trauma

The emergency management of dental trauma in the ED is limited, however can have drastic positive implications if done correctly - Orla Kelly

Dentist Apps

There are a ton of dental applications for your mobile devices. Here's some of HWN's favorites

Dentist Careers

Many people greatly underestimate the time that must be invested in order to become a dentist, the difficulty of those years, and the high cost of educating a dentist - Dr. Jerry Gordon

Dentist CE

Nowadays you can fulfill all your requirements online. Then again who wants to stay home - there has to be a CE event at your favorite city or that faraway beach or ski resort - HWN

Dentist Jobs

Quit spinning your wheels. Check out some of these job placement companies - MD & DDS Resources

Dentist Videos

Seems like dentists are further ahead of doctors when it comes to using video as a patient education tool - HWN

Dentistry Sports

Sports dentistry is an exciting adjunct to most dental practices that, for the most part, goes untapped...William Balanoff, DDS


When you think of dentists what comes to mind? Shots, high pitch drills and pain. But, things are changing in the dental field. And it is not just putting a new smile on your face - HWN

Deodorants & Antiperspirants

Because it’s foreign to our bodies, aluminum may pose a threat over time. But even though there are theoretical concerns about our de-stink sticks, there really isn’t any data that confirms harm - Nicole McDermott

Depo-Provera The Shot

Depo-Provera: blessing or curse - Kristen Philipkoski


That's the thing about depression: A human being can survive almost anything, as long as she sees the end in sight. But depression is so insidious, and it compounds daily, that it's impossible to ever see the end. The fog is like a cage without a key - Elizabeth Wurtzel

Depression & Robin Williams

Although depression is still a taboo subject, perhaps Robin Williams’ death will help us do a better job understanding the causes, put more resources into treating the symptoms, and help find ways to keep people from deciding on suicide

Depression Screening is Long Overdue

Clinical depression is so common, so potentially damaging, and so often undiagnosed that a board coalition of experts now recommends that primary care providers screen everyone over 12 for what is the most common of all mental disorders.

Dermal & Facial Fillers

Injectables are minimally invasive and the good news is the same as the bad news – they are not generally permanent. The types of facial fillers and injectables are many and varied - Leslie Kollar


It is well known as Eczema, It is an inflammation that affects the skin. It is signalized by itchy, erythematous, vesicular, weeping, and crusting patches. The term eczema is also commonly used to relate atopic dermatitis. Also known as atopic eczema - Journal of Dermatitis

Dermatological Emergencies

The topic of dermatologic emergencies is indeed broad and covers almost all the fields of modern medicine - Ronni Wolf MD


Your skin is the fingerprint of what is going on inside your body, and all skin conditions, from psoriasis to acne to aging, are the manifestations of your body's internal needs, including its nutritional needs - Dr. Georgiana Donadio

Dermatology Journals

Years wrinkle the skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the soul - Douglas MacArthur

Dermatology Organizations

We are all Adam's children - it's just the skin that makes all the difference - Navjot Singh Sidhu


The disease is diagnosed in just 1 in 100,000 people a year, though some experts suspect that many cases may go unidentified because it is so often mistaken for the symptoms of aging or, in women, depression. One survey found that the average patient sees seven doctors before getting the right diagnosis - Roni Caryn Rabin


Completing an oral immunotherapy program is a lifestyle game changer - Charles Feng

Designer Babies

As uncomfortable as it may be for some, "designer babies" are part of the shape of things to come. And it seems just as inevitable that eventually many will get here without ever being carried in a woman's womb - Greggory Moore

Designer Babies Technophobia, and Scientific Responsibility

Throughout history any advancement seen as altering "the natural way of things" has met with fear and resistance. Is "designer babies" just what's next in this tradition, or is there legitimate cause for concern over this and related developments?

Designer Drugs

Designer drugs are specifically made to fit around existing drug laws. These drugs can either be new forms of older illicit drugs or could be completely new chemical formulas that are created to fall outside of the law - ProjectKnow

Designer Vagina

In our quest for perfection and amid a growing obsession with body image, it seems women now have a new part of the anatomy to worry about – our vaginas - Nicola Conville

Detergent Pods

Critics contend that some brightly colored packets too closely resemble candy or a teething toy - Catherine Saint Louis


There’s a reason we fall for the marketing of detoxification – we seem hardwired to believe we need it, perhaps related to our susceptibility to ideas of sympathetic magic - Scott Gavura

Detox Diet

The scientific community is in agreement – detox diets and cleanses don’t work - Anna Gora

Detox Diets Are They Healthy

Celebrities have been touting the benefits of detox cleanses as a way to prepare themselves for red carpet events and movie roles for years. But detox diets have their fair share of controversy

Detox Zeolite

Feeling sluggish and out of sorts? Having skin problems, aches and pains, or digestive issues? Worried about the recent Fukushima fallout? Maybe its time for a whole body detox with Zeolite!


The detox industry is on the rise—and the profits are rolling in. But cleansing our bodies of impurities is anything but a new idea. Ayurvedic medicine, one of the oldest forms of traditional medicine, has employed a five-part detoxification method—including medicated enemas and drug-induced vomiting—since the 2nd century BCE. But here in modern times, we have a much better understanding of our supposed detox needs - Donavyn Coffey


Best CGM for pairing with phones or Apple Watch. The Dexcom G6 doesn't require you to manually scan to get a glucose level reading -- instead you get a wireless reading either on a dedicated receiver device or to your phone or Apple Watch - Mercey Livingston


In pediatric patients, Dex promotes compliance with procedural and imaging sedation with a longer onset of action and longer duration of action compared to propofol and benzodiazepines. Dex is associated with a decreased risk of requirement of airway intervention compared to propofol - Gage A. Stuntz MD

Dextromethorphan (DXM)

DXM is not, “Just a cough medicine” -


Snake oil or magic bullet? Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a biochemical precursor to the sex hormones androgen and estrogen, has been touted in the last few years as the next cure-all for various ailments associated with aging - Karen Young Kreeger

Diabetes & Paula Deen

We all know that eating sticks of butter and cups of sugar for a snack then sitting around like a sloth is not a good idea, unless you’re Paula Deen and have found a way to turn that into millions of dollars

Diabetes & PolyDrug Use

Social drinking and recreational drug use are such a pervasive part of our society. Alcohol and drugs can have an immediate and negative effect on blood glucose levels. So what is a diabetic to do?

Diabetes Apps

We recognize how much work is required in managing diabetes. The benefit of using apps is to make life easier, not harder - Deborah A Greenwood PhD

Diabetes Aware Campaign

Diabetes is one of the most common causes of blindness and along with hypertension is the most common cause of kidney failure worldwide. But, Diabetes may have finally met its match, 'The Rock'

Diabetes Awareness

It is really important for people to know that there are many factors to getting diabetes, some that are changeable and others that aren’t - Karen Kemmis

Diabetes Complications

Good disease management starting early in the disease process helps people avoid some of these complications - Dr. Robert Gabbay

Diabetes Devices

Asking people to monitor their own health and change behaviors according to their own data -- self-tracking -- is the premise behind a deluge of mobile apps, new wearable devices, and patient services - Thomas Goetz

Diabetes Drugs & Medications

Although available drugs all improve blood-sugar levels, there is a lack of data to show whether they actually prevent or delay development of diabetes' long-term consequences - Ron Winslow

Diabetes Implants

Ranging from drug delivery systems to stem cells, implants may someday eliminate the diabetes jab and may even cure the incurable

Diabetes Insipidus

Since excessive thirst and frequent urination is also a sign of diabetes and because it's an uncommon condition don't be surprised that DI is often initially misdiagnosed - Wiebke Fenske MD PhD

Diabetes Organizations

Diabetes is one of the major health and development challenges of the 21st century. No country, rich or poor, is immune to the epidemic. It is a chronic, incurable, costly, and increasing but largely preventable non-communicable disease - IDF

Diabetes Research

Life has improved for people with diabetes, and research continues to offer hope - National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse

Diabetes Risk Factors

Not all risk factors for type 2 diabetes are modifiable (age, ethnicity, and family history of diabetes) but many of the key drivers are (such as overweight and obesity, an unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity) - The Lancet

Diabetes Screening

The 2 hour post prandial BS along with the oral GTT are the most common tests. However, the two tests that have made a major impact...are without a doubt glucometer readings and regular A1C testing - Living with Diabetes

Diabetes Supplies

Don't let diabetes supplies, such as test strips and insulin pumps, drain your wallet - Vanessa Caceres

Diabetes Tests & Monitoring

The 2 main tests used to measure the presence of blood sugar problems are the direct measurement of glucose levels in the blood during an overnight fast and measurement of the body's ability to appropriately handle the excess sugar presented after drinking a high glucose drink - James Norman MD

Diabetes Types

Diabetes is currently said to exist in essentially two variations: Type 1 and Type 2. But a group of medical scientists believe that division is overly simplistic - Lila MacLellan

Diabetic Foot

Diabetes can cause two major problems to the foot – diabetic neuropathy resulting in nerve damage and peripheral vascular disease reducing the flow of blood - Robert Hinchliffe, The Diabetic Foot

Diabetic Foot Gangrene

Two most common types are dry and wet. Dry gangrene is secondary to lack of blood supply. Wet occurs when tissue becomes infected with bacteria - CMC ER Residents

Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is not only a patient problem but also a major health care concern throughout the world - International Journal of Preventive Medicine

Diabetic Hypoglycemia

While people who do not have any metabolic problems can complain of symptoms suggestive of low blood sugar, true hypoglycemia usually occurs in people being treated for diabetes - MedicineNet

Diabetic Ketoacidosis DKA

One of the true medical emergencies, DKA is commonly the presenting emergency associated with new onset type 1 diabetes. But unfortunately it also occurs when diabetes is poorly managed for whatever reason - A Rewers

Diabetic Nephropathy

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a major healthcare challenge. It occurs in up to 50% of those living with diabetes, is a major cause of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) that requires treatment with dialysis or renal transplantation, and is associated with significantly increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality - Nicholas M. Selby BSc

Diabetic Neuropathy

The condition is “silent” in terms of visibility, but the physical pain of neuropathy can be explained in graphic detail as stabbing, piercing, tingling, and painful numbness - Diane Boyko Achatz

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy has some connection to diabetes control, but it’s not necessarily 100% avoidable. Just because I have it doesn’t mean I’ve been a “bad diabetic” - Bethany Rose

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)

D.B.T. is a relatively young therapy. There is much more research to be done. Still, there is already compelling evidence of its effectiveness in its modified, less expensive formats. Mental health professionals and patients need to consider it directly alongside the usual programs and not as a treatment of last resort - Will Lippincott

Dialysis Access

Vascular access options for hemodialysis include the placement of arteriovenous (AV) fistulas, AV grafts, and double-lumen, cuffed central vein catheters - ACEP Now

Dialysis Access Emergencies

Vascular access complications are frequently encountered in the emergency department and often warrant an inpatient hospital stay - ACEP Now

Dialysis Can We Save Billions of Dollars

Could an existing group of commonly used and relatively inexpensive prescription drugs save billions of dollars worldwide in healthcare costs. A doctor in Missouri seems to think so!

Dialysis Centers

You don’t need brick-and-mortar settings and you don’t need to have all the big real estate infrastructure costs these companies have built up trying to dominate and control this massive industry - Trevor Price

Dialysis Home

Kidney failure and its treatment dialysis is overwhelming the medical systems of many countries. Could home hemodialysis be the answer? Besides that, people may actually live longer and healthier lives! - HWN

Dialysis, There's No Place Like Home

Kidney failure and its treatment dialysis is overwhelming the medical systems of many countries. Could home hemodialysis be the answer? Besides that, people may actually live longer and healthier lives!

Diaphragm, Sponge, Cervical Cap, Condom and Spermicides

The diaphragm, cervical cap, and sponge are among the least effective forms of birth control. Pregnancy rates are among the highest for all birth control methods - Harvard Health

Diaphragmatic Hernia

Traumatic rupture of the diaphragm is a difficult diagnosis to make. A high index of suspicion is required - Paul Young


Diarrhea is the source of an uncouth childhood rhyme and the bane of many parents, but it doesn’t necessarily stop being a problem in the adult years. Odds are good you’ll experience it at several points in your life, and some people struggle regularly with loose and watery stools. But even if it’s embarrassing and usually not serious, diarrhea can be life threatening and is something to take seriously - Terri Coles

Diarrhea Management

Empirical antimicrobial therapy is not recommended for routine acute diarrheal infection or mild traveler-associated diarrhea - Acree M, Davis

Diastasis Recti

This is such a ubiquitous issue - Dr. Geeta Sharma


DIC is an acquired coagulation syndrome that results in excessive clotting and clotting factor consumption, with subsequent severe bleeding in severely ill patients. Many different conditions can lead to DIC; however, the mechanism for DIC is the same in each case - Ashley Phipps MD


The toxic pesticide dicamba is a threat to crops and human health. It’s time to ban it - Danielle Melgar

Diesel Fuel

Diesel vehicles burn less carbon dioxide (CO2) than gasoline cars to cover the same distance in highway conditions. However, they also emit potentially toxic particulate matter that has been shown to significantly impact public health - Ben Pilkington

Diet Clinics

Obesity specialists at major medical centers say the proprietors of diet clinics often employ unproven tactics—like vitamin injections, costly supplements and extreme diet plans—that lure customers but do not lead to lasting results - Rachel Abrams et al

Diet Pills

Any drug that arrives on the scene with heavy promotion and only modest benefits deserves the same circumspect attitude as that too-good-to-be-true used car - Dr. Michael S Lauer

Diet Soda

Diet sodas have long been marketed as weight loss tools. The idea is that they allow people to enjoy the sweetness of regular sugary soda, but without the calories and weight gain. Scientists, however, are highly skeptical of the marketing claims - Julia Belluz

Dietary Fiber

Fiber is the closest thing we have to a true superfood — or super-nutrient since it’s a part of so many different foods. Eating a fiber-rich diet is associated with better gastrointestinal health and a reduced risk of heart attacks, strokes, high cholesterol, obesity, type 2 diabetes, even some cancers - Julia Belluz


Tell me what you eat, and I will tell you what you are - G K Chesterton

Diets Baby Food

I’m not quite sure what Jennifer Aniston's beauty regime consists of, but she appears to be aging in reverse. Her skin is beautiful, her body is amazing and her hair is the envy of every woman. So what's her secret? Is it the Baby Food Cleanse?

Difficult Intubation

All intubation attempts should be considered potential difficult airways - Chris Nickson

Difficult Pediatric Intubation

Absence of predictive factors for difficult airway does not mean it will be an easy airway - Sean M. Fox MD

DiGeorge Syndrome

The most common 'rare' syndrome you've never heard of - Michelle Breedlove Sells

Digestion Health

The body is like a machine that needs food to maintain its balance - Vox Creative

Digestive Conditions

The body is like a machine that needs food to maintain its balance - Vox Creative

Digestive Enzymes

Digestive enzymes are proteins that work like scissors to break down foods. The pancreas, where many of these enzymes are made, can slow down as we age, which can result in bloating and other gastrointestinal discomfort - Laura Johannes

Digital Health

Mobile health, teleheath, apps...the digital health revolution is here - HWN

Digital Nerve Blocks

When it comes to regional anesthesia, digital block can be one of the most satisfying (or frustrating) techniques out there. When done well, it renders the patient completely pain-free for the duration of a potentially pretty excruciating procedure -


The use of digoxin in the therapy of systolic heart failure and certain supraventricular tachycardias is controversial - Gordon A. Ewy MD

Digoxin Toxicity

Unlike most overdoses we are used to , digoxin toxicity is usually unintentional. This is because digoxin (or dig, as we commonly refer to it) has a narrow therapeutic index and its toxicity can be life-threatening. Although it may also exhibit itself more acutely after an an overdose, it more commonly is seen as a chronically creeping digoxin levels, as is often seen in the elderly population - Sidra Ali & Nikki Abela

Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM)

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is an umbrella term entailing a wide variety of genetic and non-genetic etiologies, leading to left ventricular systolic dysfunction and dilatation, not explained by abnormal loading conditions or coronary artery disease - Nicoletta Orphanou

Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Dogs (DCM)

The definitive cause of canine DCM is the subject of debate, although a number of factors including nutritional, infectious, and genetic predisposition have been implicated - Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine

Diltiazem (Cardizem) Nifedipine {Procardia) Nicardipine (Cardene) Verapamil Amlodipine (Norvasc) Clevidipine (Cleviprex)

They are particularly recommended for people who are over 55 or who are of African Caribbean origin. However, even if neither of these apply to you, you may be given a CCB as a first choice - Blood pressure UK


Scientists have discovered the tell-tale signs of a range of dinosaur diseases – and found that they're remarkably similar to those affecting animals alive today - Jocelyn Timperley


“Dioxins” collectively refers to hundreds of chemical compounds that share certain structures and biological characteristics. Dioxins mainly enter the food chain as byproducts of industrial processes - Glenn Ellis

Diphenhydramine (DPH)

Benadryl is no longer recommended as the first-line treatment for any allergic condition (including allergic rhinitis and urticaria) by any recent U.S. or international guideline. It’s not 1946. The time has come for Benadryl to retire - Roy Benaroch MD


Until the late 19th century, diphtheria was a gruesome killer with no known cause and many ineffective treatments - Nicolas Bakalar

Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs)

The new oral anticoagulants are rapidly replacing warfarin for several indications. In contrast to warfarin, which lowers the functional levels of all of the vitamin K-dependent clotting factors, the new agents target either factor Xa or thrombin. With targeted inhibition of coagulation, the new oral anticoagulants have pharmacologic and clinical features that distinguish them from warfarin - Jeffrey I. Weitz & Peter L. Gross

Direct thrombin inhibitors Dabigatran Argatroban

Direct thrombin inhibitors, specifically orally administered dabigatran etexilate, are emerging as alternatives to warfarin for anticoagulation in the management of atrial fibrillation and venous thromboembolism - Clayton Davis DDS

Dirty Bombs

The 'nuke scenario' remains but what about dirty bombs or another 'Fukushima'. Hopefully neither will occur, but the odds are one or the other will happen in our future. Are you prepared?


Disability is a matter of perception. If you can do just one thing well, you're needed by someone - Martina Navratilova

Disability & Travel

With almost a billion people in the world — that’s almost 15% of the world’s population — having a physical, mental or sensory disability, we believe it’s important to ensure their access to travel opportunities is not limited - Lonely Planet

Disability Discrimination

The only true disability is the inability to accept and respect differences ― Tanya Masse

Disability Insurance

At the end of the day, it pays to be prepared – no matter how healthy or even just lucky you think you are. Everyone can benefit from a disability insurance policy in case the worst occurs - Paula Morgan

Disability Sports

What we all share in common is the belief that difference of ability does not equal lack of ability - Tony Phillips

Disaster Charities

You may be feeling helpless in the face of relentless nature. But we humans are good at surviving. We take care of each other. We lift each other out of harm's way. We help each other rebuild. It's what we do - Dana Hunter


We never think it will happen to us. But, no one or country is immune. Are you ready?


It’s a sad fact we live in a world where human rights and civil liberties are violated in horrendous ways on a daily basis, and no country is immune to this - John Haltiwanger

Discrimination Changing Our Names to Change the Patriarchy

The tradition of women and children taking men's surnames is sexism pure and simple. But in several states there's a law on the books to efface it.

Discrimination Let's Make America Civil Again

We are so lucky to live in the most multicultural country in the world, with a Constitution that guarantees us human rights. And yet we are quick to rip those rights away from others

Disease Modifying Anti Rheumatic Drugs

Medicine has made some big improvements in its treatment over the last decade or so with new immune-modulating medications so-called DMARDs, or disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs - White Coat Underground

Disease Modifying Therapies MS

Currently, most therapeutics for MS are systemic immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory drugs, but these drugs are unable to halt or reverse the disease and have the potential to cause serious adverse events - M. J. Mansilla


Our use of antimicrobial cleaners spiked during the pandemic. Given the potential long-term health risks, it might be worth cutting back again = Dana G. Smith

Disposable (Single Use) Cups & Pollution

Our love for coffee and other takeaway foods supports an enormous consumption of disposable cups around the world (billions every year). It’s a growing environmental problem that deserves attention - David Evans

Disposal Medications

If you have a stash of unwanted, unused, or expired medicines in a cabinet or drawer somewhere in your home and you don’t know the best way to get rid of them, you’re not alone - Priyanka Runwal

Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

Since the end of last century, however, it has been emphasized that DIC equals a sign that “Death Is Coming” - Satoshi Gando

Dissociative Identity Disorder (Split Personality)

The easiest way to describe having DID is that there is a fissure in my personality. There is an alternate side of me that handles the "burdens" of life or the things that are a bit too heavy for me to handle - Demeter Gray

Distal DVT Management

The management of DVTs isolated to the calf veins has remained a controversial topic for many years - Washington University School of Medicine


These days, distemper isn’t generally a problem for vaccinated house pets, but we do still see this deadly virus crop up from time to time, especially in rescue, shelter and pet store populations - Dr. Rebecca Jackson


Disulfiram has an unusual mechanism. It prevents the liver from clearing out acetaldehyde, the metabolite of alcohol that is responsible for the hangover effect. When patients drink even a sip of alcohol on disulfiram they can become violently ill, with nausea, vomiting, malaise, and headaches - Chris Aiken MD

Ditans (5-HT1F receptor agonists)

So these drugs are not much better but also not much worse. They’re simply a different opportunity for patients who can’t tolerate triptans, who don’t respond to triptans, or who don’t like the feeling of taking a triptan - Uwe Reuter


Diuretics, or water pills, are the oldest of the pharmaceuticals used for treating high blood pressure, and many doctors still consider them the safest and most reliable - The Blood Pressure Blog

Dive Emergencies

The effects of the change in air volume and the other gas laws form the basis of decompression illness (DCI), which includes arterial gas embolism (AGE), and decompression sickness (DCS), commonly known as the bends - Drew Wohl

Dive Medicine

Diving medicine, also called undersea medicine, is the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of conditions caused by humans entering the undersea environment. It includes the effects on the body of pressure on gases, the diagnosis and treatment of conditions caused by marine hazards and how relationships of a diver's fitness to dive affect a diver's safety - WikiDoc


New evidence has upended much of what doctors once thought about diverticular disease, from what causes it to why some patients are more likely to progress to diverticulitis, and how aggressively to treat them when they do - Laura Landro


Despite the significant morbidity and mortality of symptomatic diverticulosis, it looks like we may have been wrong, for decades, about why diverticula actually form - Anne Peery MD

Diving & Ear Barotrauma

Ear injuries happen more frequently than any other type of diving injury. In fact, they occur more often than several of the other most common dive injuries combined - DAN

Diving & Scuba

Like any diving emergency, the best way to deal with it is to avoid it in the first place. Keep your training current and in practice - Alert Diver

Divorce & Separation

Divorce isn't such a tragedy. A tragedy's staying in an unhappy marriage, teaching your children the wrong things about love. Nobody ever died of divorce -Jennifer Weiner

DIY (Do It Yourself) Diagnosis

The internet, among other things, is perfect for medical neuroses. But while self diagnosis may soothe, agitate or confirm, it doesn’t treat - Kevin Noble Maillard

DIY (Do It Yourself) Healthcare

Self-care and medical empowerment are not just buzzwords, but action - Fiona Gilbert


Dizziness is one of the most common reasons adults visit their doctors — right up there with chest pain and fatigue -


Medicine has made some big improvements in its treatment over the last decade or so with new immune-modulating medications so-called DMARDs, or disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs - White Coat Underground

DMT (Dimethyltryptamine)

Plant-based N,N-Dimethyltryptamine, or DMT, which is a key component of the powerful psychedelic brew ayahuasca, is thought to have been used for thousands of years in ceremonies and for healing, particularly in south and central America, but has been co-opted as a "wellness" treatment and path to self discovery by Westerners in recent years - Catherine Schuster-Bruce


Notably, although disease-modifying therapies can help prevent MS from getting worse, they do not reverse damage in the nervous system that has already occurred. Thus, they don’t usually improve symptoms in day-to-day life. As such, it is generally recommended that MS patients start treatment with a DMT as early as possible - Patricia Silva PhD


Unlike most of the existing data storage devices out there, DNA doesn’t degrade over time, plus it’s very compact. For example, just four grams of DNA can contain a year’s worth of information produced by all of humanity combined - Dom Galeon

DNA Profiling

DNA profiling has been, and will continue to be, an incredibly powerful forensic test to answer “whose biological material is this" - Adrian Linacre


There’s no doubt heroic measures save some lives — but they aren’t what everyone wants. That’s why end-of-life discussions are essential for protecting patients and empowering them to make clear, well-informed decisions - Allison Bond

DO Careers

Choosing a career is one of those life altering decisions. We hope we have made it easy for you

Do It Yourself Healthcare

Self-care and medical empowerment are not just buzzwords, but action - Fiona Gilbert

DO Jobs

Osteopathy jobs and opportunities from all around the world

Do Not Resuscitate

There’s no doubt heroic measures save some lives — but they aren’t what everyone wants. That’s why end-of-life discussions are essential for protecting patients and empowering them to make clear, well-informed decisions - Allison Bond

Do Pink Products Raise Cancer Awareness, or Is It All About the Green?

While it may be debatable whether making a product pink one month per year is good for cancer awareness, there’s no question of whether it’s good business.

DO Students

The challenges of medical school are a given but so is the public's perception of osteopathic medicine. However, it appears that people including Forbes magazine are finally getting it


Dobutamine is typically recommended as the first line agent in cardiogenic shock , but this is not a strong recommendation because several studies have demonstrated benefits to norepinephrine in this setting - Aneri Sakhpara

Docs OnLine - The Doctor is in Somewhere

From consulting and diagnosing to performing telesurgery, virtual medicine is here to stay and continues to proliferate. Can on-line medicine truly replace traditional face-to-face medical practice?

Docs OnLine: First Opinion

With First Opinion, the doctor is always in...

Doctor Addiction

There should be better efforts to aid troubled health care workers when they need it and stronger checks to rein in unnecessary access to prescription opioids and to track controlled substances - Scientific American

Doctor Apps

The history of medicine is defined by advances born of bioscience. But never before has it been driven to this degree by digital technology - Katie Hafner

Doctor Blogs

More often than not, blogs get the point across better than most journal articles especially when it comes to the daily practice of medicine - HWN

Doctor Doctor, Where Art Thou?

What do you do when your family doctor tells you that you’re not wanted any more? Who do you turn to when retirement or relocation forces your doctor to ask for a divorce? Is there life after being set adrift from the person who knows all your secrets?

Doctor House Calls

It’s the kind of care you’d want for your loved one and your family - K. Eric De Jonge

Doctor Jobs

It's hard becoming a physician. Finding a job shouldn't be - HWN

Doctor Organizations

Health is more about what happens outside the clinic. So why aren’t our high-tech health care systems better at addressing it? Sonia Sarkar, Mike Fried, and Leana Wen

Doctor Podcasts

What are you listening to? Who says you can't learn and be entertained at the same time - HWN

Doctor Ratings

Wanna know how your colleagues and patients think of you or do you - HWN

Doctor X

Come aboard as Dr X's Private Sea Journal reveals with great story telling & wit the practice of medicine on the high seas including deep dark secrets of maritime medicine


Modern medicine is a negation of health. It isn't organized to serve human health, but only itself, as an institution. It makes more people sick than it heals - Ivan Illich

Doctors & Burnout

Today medicine is just another profession, and doctors have become like everybody else: insecure, discontented and anxious about the future - Sandeep Jauhar

Doctors & Covid-19 Pandemic

Covid-19 has been a grim lesson in humility. While we have learned so much about this illness in such a short time, we still have almost no ability to change the fate of patients with severe Covid-19 infections - Haider J. Warraich

Doctors Without Borders

Few organizations are as universally admired as Médecins Sans Frontières, which has been called "the exemplar of humanitarian aid" because of both the emergency medical care volunteers provide in what are literally the world's worst conditions and...

Does Sickle Cell Disease Expose Racism in American Healthcare?

Unlike other diseases, the mortality rate from sickle cell disease is on the rise. When you consider that the majority of these patients are African-American, perhaps we shouldn’t be surprised.

Dog Bites

As traumatic and upsetting and out-of-the blue as dog bites might feel, we actually know a lot about dog bites — particularly the conditions under which they are likely to occur - Dog Spies

Dogma Busters & Myths

Every dogma has its day - Anthony Burgess

Dogs & Health (Canines)

Dog owners worldwide enjoy longer lifespans on average, reduced blood pressure, improved cardiovascular fitness, and far less stress - Martin Mulcahey

Domestic Violence

Never let a man put his hands on you without your permission - Melda Beaty, Lime

Donald Trump

The story of Donald Trump cannot be told with a mere recitation of facts. Not only are they overwhelming in quantity, but his course has been so singular in American history that no framework exists on which the facts can be organized - Dr Zebra


A trial of donanemab, an experimental drug, found it modestly slowed the worsening of memory and thinking and worked better in patients at earlier stages and those under 75 - Pam Belluck

Donate Online & Apps

The Internet... has rejuvenated our concept of “giving to charity,” bringing about an unprecedented age of both citizen and viral philanthropy, and calling upon online communities to help those in need - Sarah Ang

Donepezil (Aricept)

Aricept is the most popular Alzheimer's drug in a class of drugs called cholinesterase inhibitors, approved to treat mild to moderate stages of the disease - Denise Grady


Recent headlines may have you wondering if your genitals are at risk of rotting off. That’s okay—it’s perfectly natural to feel confused by reports of a “flesh-eating” sexually transmitted infection. But before you freak out, take a deep breath and look at the facts - Rachel Feltman

Dopamine (Neurotransmitter)

But even though science doesn't give the dopamine is a pleasure chemical concept a second look, I can guarantee that you won't see the end of it. Even though it's wrong, it's just too useful a media prop to be tossed aside, like some half-smoked cigarette - Vaughan Bell

Dopamine (Vasopressor)

Dopamine hits a variety of receptors at different dose ranges (“dirty” drug) - Josh Farkas

Doping in Sport

Doping is now a global problem that follows international sporting events worldwide. International sports federations, led by the International Olympic Committee, have for the past half century attempted to stop the spread of this problem, with little effect - David A. Baron


The concept of treating the whole patient, rather than just the disease and preventive medicine is not the property of new age medicine, osteopaths have been 'do'ing it for over 120 years

Double Masking

One mask Is good. would two be better - Katherine J. Wu

Double Vision

Diplopia, or double vision, can be a tricky and complicated disorder. There are various forms of double vision and many etiologies, ranging from non-serious to life-threatening - Kristine Laing CCPA


The practice can cause lasting damage—but around the world, women continue to do it, encouraged by advertising, cultural norms, and sometimes even misguided doctors - Julie Morse


If a Doula was a drug, it would be unethical to not use it - John Kennell MD

Down Syndrome Trisomy 21

With the exception of sperm, egg and red blood cells, each cell in our body has two copies of each of 23 chromosomes. In Down syndrome, a third copy of chromosome 21 — known as trisomy 21 - John Bergeron

Doxycycline (Vibramycin)

Doxycycline is a highly effective but underappreciated antimicrobial, with a broad therapeutic spectrum, exceptional bioavailability and very little evidence of serious adverse events (SAEs). Doxycycline is cheap and the most popular tetracycline derivative currently available - Ruby Cross

DPP-4 Inhibitors Januvia Tradjenta

Gliptins are accepted as a standard therapy for diabetes mellitus today. By inhibition of the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4), gliptins prolong the GLP1-dependent insulin secretion in the pancreatic β-cells - Friederike Remm


Newer isn’t always better — some researchers are proposing to bring back an older version of the whooping cough vaccine, because multiple studies show that today’s version doesn’t protect as well as the earlier kind - Rachael Rettner

Dr. Google

Dr Google is the professional advice you defer to when performing online searches for information using the google search engine. Dr Google knows all - Urban Dictionary

Come aboard as Dr X's Private Sea Journal reveals with great story telling & wit the practice of medicine on the high seas including deep dark secrets of maritime medicine

Dr. X Cruising Around in Circles

To think that Dr X would just be cruising, carefree, around the Gulf and the Caribbean betrayed a profound ignorance of the seriousness of the job I had signed onto

Dr. X Little Moving Islands of People

Welcome to my world, the world of the cruise ship physician. If you’re sure you want to join Dr X, we’re embarking now......I feel we are all islands - in a common sea - Anne Morrow Lindbergh

Dr. X So, What’s It Really Like?

The common perception is that Dr X and the nurses sit around and relax most of the time. So what’s it like? I’ve heard many a time. I mean on the boat. Do you just sit in the Medical Center and relax? Flirt with the nurses?

Dr. X Can You Survive Without Starbucks and Netflix?

You're a true cruiser like Dr X if you don't get seasick, don't fall overboard or get lost and can live without the essential necessities of modern life for up to two weeks, Netflix and Starbucks

Dr. X Code Alpha - The Beginning of the End

Why does the misery and misfortune of others, people we don't even know, affect Dr X so much? Perhaps it's part of what makes us social animals. We share. Sometimes food, sometimes information, our gossip, sometimes just our company

Dr. X Destiny at Sea

What about Dr X and my Destiny! I was still looking for a big case where I would make a difference

Dr. X meets the Baron

You never know who you are going to meet on a cruise. There are sick people and then there are the Barons who are driven to mime disease and trick doctors. Have you ever met one? Dr X has. Then again, you probably have one in your family

Dr. X The Intruders

It's not uncommon for Dr X to come across refugees in boats trying to escape political oppression and lack of opportunity. Few things are as poignant as watching their tiny, rickety boats being tossed about the ocean

Dr. X The Sociopath

Dr X discovers the true meaning of happiness or does he?

Dr. X Who on Earth Would Have Thought

Once in a while when Dr X has been at sea too long he has been known to suffer from flashbacks, although some insist they may be hallucinations from all those past night shifts. This incident happened toward the end of his career

Drain or No Drain Spontaneous Pneumothorax

In an otherwise appropriate patient with a stable, non-enlarging pneumothorax, the best intervention may be the lack thereof - Ryan Patrick Radecki MD

Dravet Syndrome

Dravet Spectrum Disorders describes a group of related epilepsies having a similar genetic cause, most commonly mutations in the SCN1A gene, which encodes a sodium ion channel found in the brain - Julie Reichel


So many of our dreams at first seem impossible, then they seem improbable, and then, when we summon the will, they soon become inevitable - Christopher Reeve

DRESS Syndrome

DRESS syndrome should be suspected whenever a patient presents with a fever, morbilliform rash, and lymphadenopathy following a medication change - Matthew Nemero DO


In the past decade there has been an explosion of 'health' drinks as opposed to 'energy' drinks. But, is it possible to find health in a bottle - HWN

Drink & Beverage Organizations

The industry is getting a leg up from the favorable pricing that comes from innovations such as minicans, analysts say, as well as from higher consumption of higher-margin organic juice drinks and other health-oriented beverages - IBD

Drinking Water

Next time you take a sip, stop and think: What's in my water? Mike Del Ponte

Driverless Transportation

Over the coming decades autonomous vehicles will fundamentally alter how people travel, and cities work. We are on the cusp of a paradigm shift that will play out over the next 30 years - Martin Matthews


In future medical emergencies, where urgent response will be necessary, drones will mean the fastest answer. They will fly the extra mile in delivering drugs, vaccines, blood or organs - The Medical Futurist


Climatologists call drought a “creeping disaster” because its effects are not felt at once. Others compare drought to a python, which slowly and inexorably squeezes its prey to death - Alex Prud'Homme

Drowning Prevention

It’s so preventable and unfortunately, hospital care doesn’t alter the outcome. There’s not a lot we’re able to do for brain injury. That’s why prevention is so so important - Julie Gilchrist MD

Drug Abuse

We should be dealing with it as a disease that needs treatment, rather than prosecuting it as a crime - Julie Beck

Drug Addiction

What is addiction, really? It is a sign, a signal, a symptom of distress. It is a language that tells us about a plight that must be understood - Alice Miller

Drug Allergies

Any medication — over-the-counter, prescription or herbal — is capable of inducing an allergic reaction. The drugs that cause the most reactions are penicillin and aspirin, affecting up to 10% of the population. Other drugs that trigger allergies include sulfa drugs, anticonvulsants, and chemotherapy drugs - NY Allergy & Sinus Centers

Drug Decriminalization

By eliminating a criminalized response to drug possession, drug policy reform efforts can minimize the contact between people who use drugs and the criminal justice system, and may increase their connection to health and social systems - Alissa Greer

Drug Expiration Dates

An expiration date represents a promise that the medication is good at least that long, if properly stored - Dan Sheridan

Drug Interactions

Improved abilities for tapping the wealth of information available in human DNA may one day dramatically enhance the power to predict who will suffer most from drug interactions - Jessica Wapner

Drug Legalization

The argument for the legalisation of cannabis has been won. Now for the difficult bit - The Economist

Drug Overdose

Thousands of people die each year from drug overdose. They come from all walks of life - International Overdose Awareness Day

Drug Package Inserts

There is too much focus on the potential side-effects of medicines on information leaflets inside packs and not enough on their benefits - Academy of Medical Sciences. The 'fine print' on how a drug works - Katie Parsels

Drug Recalls

While the reasons for product recalls vary, they are commonly related to packaging defects, contamination of a product, improper testing of a product, or inherent safety problems which could lead a product to harm a patient - Alexander Gaffney

Drug Rehab

Even its cheerleaders recognize that there’s miles to go before all people with addiction have access to respectful, ethical, effective and evidence-based care - Maia Szalavitz

Drug Resistant Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea, once an easily treated and relatively mild STI, is becoming a superbug, with major public health implications - Ed Cara

Drug Resistant Infections

Loss of drug-effectiveness because of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is increasing in both developing and developed countries. If this trend continues unchecked, the world will confront a reality where many infectious diseases have no cure and no vaccine - The World Bank

Drug Shortages

Drug shortages pose a significant challenge for healthcare providers worldwide, leaving patients without essential medications and healthcare providers struggling to find alternative treatment options -

Drug Tests Workplace

Cup-peeing and mouth-swabbing are Reagan-era relics that frequently do little more than boosting the revenues of companies that analyze samples - Joe Pinsker

Drug Trafficking

Synthetic drugs are the future of drug trafficking. Plant-based drugs, such as cocaine, heroin, and marijuana require large swaths of land and favorable climates. Synthetic drugs, in contrast, have comparatively low barriers to entry - Jim Crotty

Drug War

The war on drugs is being lost on a daily basis - Rhys Ifans

Drugs & Medications for Men

A wave of men’s health startups are prescribing balding and erectile-dysfunction drugs over the internet. But some doctors worry that the companies are set up to push medications on patients who might not need them - Stephanie M. Lee

Drugs & Medications for Women

A handful of healthcare startups are aiming to reshape the entire system from a tech-driven POV that puts feminine issues first - Erin Magner

Drugs in Pregnancy

For decades, it’s been taboo to test medications on pregnant women. But doctors, patients, and public health officials are increasingly arguing that it’s unethical not to include them in research - Megan Thielking

Drugs in Sport

The use of enhancement “substances” for sporting events dates back to the ancient Greeks and ancient Maya - Drug Free Sport

Drugs that Work and Drugs that Don’t

Only when clinicians rise above the mundane, think out of the box, and come up with new ideas, will science progress. After all, nobody gets a Nobel Prize for maintaining status quo - Sundaram Natarajan

Drugs: Should You Drug Your Way to a Better Life?

As medical science advances, the development of new drugs, along with increased understanding of oldies but goodies, "just say 'no'" will become ever more dubious advice. But what answers can we find in the world of drugs?

Drunk Driving

The driver is safer when the roads are dry; the roads are safer when the driver is dry - Author Unknown

Dry Eye

If you or someone you know has dry eyes, consult with your eye doctor before making any treatment decisions. They'll help you decide whether an at-home or in-office treatment is best for you, and trust me - your eyes will thank you - Brain Wachler MD

Dry Mouth

Once considered an inevitable part of the aging process, xerostomia is now associated with hundreds of medications and numerous nonpharmacologic conditions, including some cancer treatment regimens - Diana Lamoreux

Dry Stroke

Ischemic stroke is by far the most common kind of stroke, accounting for about 88 percent of all strokes. Stroke can affect people of all ages, including children - Internet Stroke Center

DSD Athletes

There is no fairytale ending to this story. Someone will be a loser. But that is always the case in sport - Julian Savulescu

DTaP Vaccine

I’m pained to see that childhood immunizations, perhaps the most important health and lifesaving advance of the last century, are being seriously eroded by misinformation and scaremongering - Jane Brody


In order to qualify for this diagnosis, patients must have all three cardinal features: alcohol withdrawal, altered mental status and a hyperadrenergic state manifested by tachycardia, hypertension and hyperthermia - Stuart P. Swadron MD

Dual Receptor Blockers

Unlike "pure" beta blockers, labetalol maintains cardiac output, reduces total peripheral resistance, and does not decrease peripheral blood flow - Carolyn J. Pearce MD


Run-bike-run races are great if you want the challenge of a triathlon, but can't (or won't) swim - The Guardian

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

DMD is one of the nine types of muscular dystrophy. It generally effects boys and starts weakening muscles as early as age 3. It's a deadly, debilitating disease that until recently ended victims lives in their teenage years - David Grossman

Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS)

Of all the debates surrounding the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer in recent decades, the most persistent and perplexing one involves a very early cancer called D.C.I.S., or ductal carcinoma in situ - Jane E. Brody

Dukan Diet

If you do try the Dukan Diet, keep in mind that while it definitely has a fan club, it's not necessarily the healthiest plan, plus it can be very challenging to follow, so don't be disappointed if you can't stick to it for long - Tehrene Firman

Dumping Syndrome

To ease your mind, dumping syndrome is not a life-threatening condition and can be managed through dietary changes or medication. If you swap three large meals into numerous smaller meals, it can allow for your body to catch up and properly digest - VIPSurg

Dupuytren's contracture

Dupuytren disease is the most common crippling hand condition that people have never heard of - Dr. Charles Eaton

Dust Mites

Mites sit right under our noses, and we're totally unaware of their relationship with them - Ron Ochoa

DVT in Pregnancy

One to 2 pregnant women in 1000 will experience venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy or postpartum - Saskia Middeldorp & Wessel Ganzevoort

DVT Management

Most patients with DVT may be discharged home with DOAC or LMWH bridge to warfarin. Patients should be ambulatory, hemodynamically stable, low risk of bleeding, have no renal failure, and be able to follow up within several days - Brit Long MD


Dwarfism is not a disease, and it has multiple causes, genetic and developmental, any one of which can lead to health problems later in life - Josh Bloom


For most people in the developed world, conversations about such topics never take place - The Economist


Tiring, upsetting and frustrating, the reality of dysarthria smacks me in the mouth every time I attempt speech. I can be in bits with the effect dysarthria has had on my life - Annette Dancer


Dysautonomia involves disorders of the inner world or automatic functions of the body. As a result a person with dysautonomia often does not look sick on the outside but can be very unwell on the inside - The Dysautonomia Project

Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding (DUB)

Clinically, DUB is defined as excessive bleeding during or between menstrual periods which cannot be attributed to a systemic, anatomical or discreet pathological process - Stanley R. Glasser


Many people believe it is an intellectual disability but it isn’t; it’s a neurological, language-based disability - Stacy Matson

Dyslexia Can Be Overcome

For nearly half of his life Henry Winkler lived with a severe case of undiagnosed dyslexia


The thing to remember is that period pain is very real and can be debilitating - Dr. Devika Chopra


A woman who experiences painful sex is not broken. She has a medical condition, and she is hardly alone - Jen Gunter


Everyone experiences digestive problems now and then, and they’re nobody’s idea of a good time - Stacey Colino


Swallowing disabilities affect an estimated 8% of the world’s population. Affecting the majority of residents in aged care, swallowing disability also impacts around 80% of children and adults with developmental disability, most people with motor neurone disease or Parkinson’s, and many people with traumatic brain injury, head and neck cancer, and those who have had a stroke - Bronwyn Hemsley


Dyspraxia is poorly understood compared to its better-known cousins dyslexia, ADHD and Asperger's syndrome - Maxine Frances Roper


Dystonia is often cloaked in mystery and can take years to diagnose. In most cases, dystonia's cause is unknown, and there is no cure - Matthew Casey

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