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A New Reading of Blood Pressure

While the measurement of blood pressure has been among the most common medical practices for over a century, the results are undergoing a reinterpretation


It’s often viewed as the number to rule all numbers. But hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test results can be misleading and don’t tell the full story - Scott Johnson


Early detection is important because once identified AAAs can be monitored or treated, greatly reducing the chances of the aneurysm causing serious problems in the future - NHS

AAA Management

Presence and expansion of AAAs is usually a silent disease. When rupture does occur, it usually happens quickly without a typical presentation - Drew Long MD

AAT deficiency

Often known as “genetic COPD,” alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency can take years to diagnose and requires a plasma protein therapy to halt the deterioration of lung function - Miriam O'Day

Abdomen Pain

Abdominal pain can vary greatly, from minor to excruciating. But here's the kicker: Sometimes excruciating pain can result from something pretty harmless. For example, most people know what it's like to be doubled over with gas pain...ShareCare

Abdomen Pain in Children

Abdominal pain is common; so are strongly held myths and legends about what is concerning, and what is not - Dr. Tim Horeczko

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Early detection is important because once identified AAAs can be monitored or treated, greatly reducing the chances of the aneurysm causing serious problems in the future - NHS

Abdominal Thrusts

What makes the Heimlich Maneuver particularly special is this: it is accessible to everyone. Because of its simplicity—and the fact that it works when performed correctly—just about anyone can save a life - Dr. Henry J. Heimlich

Abdominal Wall Hernia

Hernias that fall under this category are umbilical (belly button), upper midline (epigastric), and incisional (hernia that forms from a prior surgical incision - Core Surgical

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (AUB)

Finding the cause is the first step in treatment, but AUB remains one of the most difficult conditions to diagnose - SheKnows


Let us not seek the Republican answer nor the Democratic answer but the right answer - John F. Kennedy

Abortion Clinics

Clinics are under pressure from declining abortion rates and big Planned Parenthood expansions - Chuck Donovan

Abortion Pill

Every year, millions of women all over the world choose a medication abortion as a safe, private, and effective at-home method to end an early-term pregnancy. But information about this safe & effective method has not been widely shared in the US - Plan C

Abortion Rights

Abortion is health care. Abortion is freedom. Abortion is bodily autonomy. A country without this human right is not a free country - H.R. Bellicosa


Sex education focused on an abstinence-only approach fails in a number of ways - Aaron E Carroll


The act has become entrenched as a partisan issue rather than a human one, a litmus test for party affiliation rather than a set of innovative, but imperfect, ideas geared towards increasing access to health care and containing costs - Vishal Khetpal


So whether you believe the hype or not, it is a billion dollar industry and it seems to be a good income for Brazilians, and possibly a way to keep the rainforests from being burned to the ground as rapidly - Geoff Stein

Acarbose Glyset

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors are a less popular class of medicines for type 2 diabetes. They work in your gastrointestinal tract to block your body’s ability to break down carbohydrate, thereby reducing the amount of glucose that enters the bloodstream - Amy Campbell


Worried about what to worry about? Accidents should move higher up your list - Jeremy N Smith

ACE Inhibitors

The discovery of the ACE inhibitors and the creation of captopril was one of the really great advances in cardiovascular medicine, alongside beta blockers, calcium channel blockers and statins - Jenny Bryan

Acetaminophen Paracetamol

Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is generally considered a safe medication when used as directed, but can cause liver damage in high doses or when combined with heavy alcohol use - Houman Danesh MD

Achilles Tendon Injury

A torn or ruptured Achilles tendon is every athlete’s – and sports fan's – greatest fear. They always seem to happen in a split second - Dane Wukich MD

Acid Reflux

Most people often dismiss heartburn as common and trivial, an ailment to be treated with a grimace and a glug of thick, chalky pink liquid. But, while acid reflux is very common, it is far from insignificant - Glenn D Braunstein MD


Management is a great challenge for physicians and clinical microbiologists. Its ability to survive in a hospital milieu and its ability to persist for extended periods of time on surfaces makes it a frequent cause for healthcare-associated infections

ACL Injury

But here is the thing about ACL tears: They’re not just another injury. They are the Godzilla of injuries - Neal Gabler


Guidelines have been shifting for several decades now... It is the standard for emergent healthcare delivery in North America. It provides the rubric (or “playbook”) for managing sudden cardiac arrest, colloquially known as “running a code” - Blake Briggs MD


Acne might be the great equalizer, plaguing everyone regardless of their grades, gender, or their taste in music. But not all acne is made equal - Deanna Pai and Marissa DeSantis

Acoustic Neuroma

These tumors can have a significant impact on your quality of life and therefore understanding the diagnosis and treatment options is critical - Keck Medicine

Acquired (Vaccination) vs Natural (Infection) Immunity

Evidence grows that infections provide as much protection as vaccines, prompting some experts to suggest a nuanced approach to vaccine mandates - Denise Roland

Acquired Immunity & Covid-19

Memory is the key feature of the adaptive immune system, enabling long-term protection - Raj Thaker


Apparently, the typical delay in diagnosis for acromegaly is 10 years or more. Isn't this a failure of medicine? The challenge for doctors, and patients, is to catch the illness early, years before the damage and deformities occur - Jon Danzig


Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) include conditions that share the same pathophysiology of myocardial ischaemic states, i.e., unstable angina (UA), non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).- Khalid Mohammed Ali


Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is a tropic hormone produced by the anterior pituitary. The hypothalamic-pituitary axis controls it. ACTH regulates cortisol and androgen production - Mary J Allen & Sandeep Sharma.

Actinomyces (Actinomycoses)

This organism normally lives in the mouth and colon and sometimes the vagina. It has been associated with P.I.D. in patients with IUDs. It’s an aggressive bug and can spread throughout the body. If not thoroughly wiped out, it can come back again and again - Lisa Sanders MD


Even though longer-term studies did not show that there was a definite risk of heart attack or cancer, these drugs became unpopular and fell into disuse - Lori Wiviott Tischler MD


The origins of acupressure are as ancient as the instinctive impulse to hold your forehead or temples when you have a headache - Acupressure Wellness


There’s now a growing understanding of where acupuncture may be useful in improving patient health outcomes alongside standard medical care - Im Quah-Smith


Many of us have started to embrace the use of alternative medicine, but acupuncture, with its qi, yin, and meridians, still raises eyebrows - Alice G Walton

Acupuncturists CE

There’s now a growing understanding of where acupuncture may be useful in improving patient health outcomes alongside standard medical care - Im Quah-Smith

Acute Abdomen

The ‘acute abdomen’ is defined as a sudden onset of severe abdominal pain developing over a short time period. It has a large number of possible causes and so a structured approach is required - TeachMe Surgery

Acute Altitude Illness

The most important syndromes that make up the spectrum of HAI are high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and acute mountain sickness (AMS), which can progress to high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE) - Ashley A. Jacobson MD and Neha P. Raukar MD

Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma

Acute angle-closure glaucoma is an ophthalmic emergency as it can lead to irreversible blindness if not identified and treated immediately - Desirée Murray

Acute Compartment Syndrome

We all learned the “5 P’s” in medical school. But the idea is to make the diagnosis while muscle is still salvageable, and if you wait for all 5 P’s to appear, you will miss your window to intervene and save viable tissue. That is why index of suspicion must be high - Matt Levine MD

Acute Coronary Syndrome

Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) include conditions that share the same pathophysiology of myocardial ischaemic states, i.e., unstable angina (UA), non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).- Khalid Mohammed Ali

Acute Diarrhea

Transmissible gastroenteritis is colourfully known as “Montezuma’s revenge”, “Delhi belly”, “stomach flu” and “viral gastro” but let’s use the term “infectious gastroenteritis” - Vincent Ho

Acute Flaccid Myelitis EV D68

Polio-like paralysis may be on the rise among children again - Maggie Fox

Acute Heart Failure

AHF refers to rapid onset or worsening of symptoms and/or signs of HF. It is a life-threatening medical condition requiring urgent evaluation and treatment, typically leading to urgent hospital admission. - Rob & James Simon

Acute Kidney Injury

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a sudden, potentially reversible, kidney dysfunction with partial or complete loss of glomerular filtration resulting in electrolyte and fluid abnormalities as well as retention of nitrogenous waste products - Subhanir Sunil Chitnis MD & Karma Warren MD

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

The most common childhood cancer, ALL also afflicts adults - Erik Ness

Acute Mountain Sickness

A quicker rate of ascent is also more likely to lead to mountain sickness. Most often presents the 1st night or 2nd night at higher elevations. The average duration of symptoms in cases that self resolve is one day (the body successfully acclimates) - Eric Quinn

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is the most common form of acute leukaemia in adults, although it is considered a rare disease. Its incidence is expected to rise with an ageing population, which will place demands on healthcare systems - The Economist

Acute Otitis Media

The good news is that ear infections are becoming less common. Since the pneumococcal vaccine to prevent pneumonia was introduced in 2000, there’s been a 20 percent drop in their incidence

Acute Radiation Syndrome

Rapidly proliferating cell lines such as intestinal mucosa and bone marrow are most immediately sensitive to radiation and manifest the symptoms of Acute Radiation Syndrome. Exposure to less than 1 Gy (1 Gy = 100 rads) is unlikely to produce symptoms, whereas greater than 10 Gy is fatal - Leslie Crosby MD

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

New therapies to fix the leakiness of blood vessels in patients suffering from life-threatening illnesses, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome and Ebola virus infections, have the potential to save many lives - Jalees Rehman MD

Acute Tubular Necrosis

Clinically, ATN manifests as acute kidney injury although the terms have previously been used interchangeably. ATN is the most common cause of overt AKI - WikiDoc

Acute Urinary Retention

While the diagnosis of urinary retention is usually straight forward, an important first step or cognitive forcing strategy is to consider the life- or limb-threatening etiologies such as cauda equina syndrome/spinal cord compression - Shaun Mehta and Deb Saswata


Alzheimer’s is a terrifying disease. You are physically healthy, but you can’t remember who you are. Day by day, your surroundings become more and more alien, buried - Blake Butler

Adaptive (Acquired) Immunity

B and T cells are self-assured enough to know what they want. Unlike innate cells, they’re also capable of remembering the things they’ve encountered before, ensuring that most pathogens can’t trouble the same person twice; that capacity is the conceptual basis of vaccines - Katherine J. Wu

Adaptive Sports

What we all share in common is the belief that difference of ability does not equal lack of ability - Tony Phillips


Adaptogens are a buzzword in the wellness world, popping up everywhere from juice bars to lifestyle blogs - Jamie Ducharme


Stimulant drugs like Adderall and Ritalin are commonly prescribed to kids with what's known as ADHD, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. But recently, adults became the biggest users of these drugs - Sarah McCammon


Addiction knows no boundary, age, race, income, and reaches across all demographics. Drug abuse is perceived as a lifestyle of the young. But drug addiction in the older population is real and has already reached epidemic proportions - HWN

Addiction Centers

Even its cheerleaders recognize that there’s miles to go before all people with addiction have access to respectful, ethical, effective and evidence-based care - Maia Szalavitz

Addiction: Changing the Conventional Wisdom about Addiction

What if addiction is less about drugs & genetics and more about circumstances? It's a question the powers-that-be might not be comfortable hearing, but for decades Bruce Alexander has worked to make addiction as we know it a thing of the past.

Addison's disease

Diagnosis is frequently first established after a life-threatening adrenal crisis, often resulting in untimely fatalities. The disease is rare, more common in women than in men, and also affects children - EuAdrenal

Adenoids & Adenoiditis

The adenoid, also known as a pharyngeal tonsil or nasopharyngeal tonsil, is a bunch of grapelike tissue situated behind the nose, where the nose joins the throat. They usually disappear around four to five years of age - Dr Dillon Dsouza


Like many women’s health issues, not only is adenomyosis understudied, it’s also misunderstood - Jenna Rosenstein

Adenosine (Adenocard)

Adenosine is one of components of RNA, but given intravenously, it works to terminate SVTs by binding to the AV node’s A1 receptors. This inhibits adenylyl cyclase, ultimately increasing potassium efflux from the cell, causing hyperpolarization, and thereby “blocking” the AV node - Christina Shenvi MD PhD


Adenovirus is non-discriminate and attacks people of all age groups. Whether you are nine or ninety, you are not going to be safe from this infection - Professor John Oxford


Hands up if any of these things describes your kids, you as a kid, or kids you know: inability to wait for a turn; temper tantrums; fidgeting; inability to finish chores; being too loud; being too quiet - Wired

ADHD Drugs

ADHD itself is not an epidemic—ADHD misdiagnosis is an epidemic - Alan Schwarz

Adrenal Crisis

Adrenal crisis should be considered in any patient who appears to be septic, but doesn't have an obvious source of infection. This is a classic sepsis-mimic - Josh Farkas

Adrenal Fatigue

Today, people talk freely about their adrenal glands being shot or fatigued, and there is growing industry of supplements called adrenal tonics. Meanwhile, conventional doctors claim there is no such thing as adrenal fatigue. Who is right, and most importantly, how can you thrive under the stress of modern life - Alan Christianson

Adrenal Issues

There are two little hormone glands, about the size of a grape, that sit just on top of our kidneys. Your adrenal glands are only small but they play such a HUGE part in our wellbeing - Nicky Read

Aduhelm & Alzheimer's

The approval of Aduhelm to treat Alzheimer’s disease has raised hope among older adults, but many doctors wonder if it is warranted - Paula Span

Adult Stem Cells

Adult stem cells hold enormous potential in the treatment of disease, but more importantly they do not carry the burden of controversy that has surrounded embryonic stem cells - HWN

Adult Suicide

After decades of research, effective prevention strategies are lacking. It remains difficult, perhaps impossible, to predict who will commit suicide, and the phenomenon is extremely difficult for researchers to study - Benedict Carey

Adult Vaccination

Vaccinations are recommended thruout our lifetime, not just at childhood. It's an ongoing & vexing public health problem. People once vigilant about vaccinating their children aren’t nearly as careful about protecting themselves as they age - Paula Span

Adults & Covid-19 Vaccination

The best protection against infections, from variants or not, is being fully vaccinated - Brian Resnick

Advance Directive

There is no perfect template for an advance directive, or a foolproof guide to conversations about death and dying. It may be emotional, there might be conflict and it is unlikely that families can anticipate every end-of-life situation - Lori A Roscoe

Advanced Directives

For most people in the developed world, conversations about such topics never take place - The Economist

Advanced Trauma Life Support

ATLS brought a common language to the management of trauma and highlighted the importance of immediately dealing with life-threatening conditions, as part of a standardised, systematic protocol - M. D. Wiles

Adverse Drug Reactions & Events

More people die from adverse effects from medicine than from pulmonary disease, diabetes, AIDS, pneumonia, accidents, and automobile deaths - Joanna Belbey

Adverse Drug Reactions Prescription Drugs - Who's Minding The Store?

The most common adverse drug reactions are the effects from the drug itself - a virtual double-edged sword! Don't rely on the watchdogs. Always pay attention to the drug inserts, if you can read them, and not just the TV commercials

Adverse Events Post Covid Vaccination

Risks of rare allergic reactions, blood clots and maybe heart problems don’t outweigh benefits - Tina Hesman Saey

Advocates for Cancer Patients

All advocacy is, at its core, an exercise in empathy - Samantha Power

Advocates for Patients

Parent-advocates of children with chronic conditions have long worked toward finding cures; adult self-advocates are shifting the focus to goals of independent work and living - Amy Dockser Marcus

AED Vendors

Early and swift intervention with an AED amidst sudden out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) during bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) saves lives—in fact, doubles the likelihood of survival...So, why is their usage so low? Jamie Wells MD


Despite the increasing availability of AEDs the survival rates from sudden cardiac arrest remains dismal - WYP

AEDs Bob Harper’s Broken Heart

I’m slowing down and relishing in every moment. I get up every day and know that I’m super lucky - Bob Harper

AEDs Where's Your PADLoc?

Despite CPR and 911 the odds of surviving Sudden Cardiac Arrest are worse than winning in Las Vegas. And it doesn't matter whether you are young or old. Sudden cardiac arrest affects us all

AEDs: The Power to Save Lives

You don’t have to be a rocket scientist to use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) to save a life. You just need to know where you can find one, and it will practically do the rest itself

Aesthetic Surgery

Cosmetic surgery covers a lot of territory, including reconstructive surgery, resurfacing, injections, tucks, pulls and lifts along with a variety of non-surgical treatments and procedures - Leslie Kollar


We can literally change the world with our bare hands - Jane Wurwand

Affordable Care Act

The act has become entrenched as a partisan issue rather than a human one, a litmus test for party affiliation rather than a set of innovative, but imperfect, ideas geared towards increasing access to health care and containing costs - Vishal Khetpal


Accounts for approximately one-third of hospitalizations for cardiac rhythm disturbances and increases the risk of stroke fivefold


AFM is an illness that can be seen with a variety of different causes. The most famous one is polio, but there are also enteroviruses - Dr. Manisha Patel

African American Healthcare

Of all the forms of inequality, injustice in health care is the most shocking and inhumane - Martin Luther King, Jr.

African American Healthcare

No one should be denied the opportunity to see a doctor because of how much money is in their pocket or where they live. Our loved ones shouldn’t die from easily curable diseases...Black lives matter - Renee Bracey Sherman

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Last Updated : Monday, July 24, 2017