Topic Search: C


C Diff

C. diff infection not only is caused by antibiotic use; it is also treated with antibiotics. That pushes patients into a downward spiral in which the microbiome slides further out of balance...Fecal transplants stop that spiral cold - Maryn McKenna


I understand we have a national epidemic on our hands with the C-section rate hovering above 30 percent. Many, if not most, are done for the wrong reasons. But there is a time and a place for them - Cara Paiuk

C. difficile (C. diff)

C. diff has spread across the globe, helped in large part by air travel, the availability and frequent use of antibiotics, and the graying of the world’s population - J Thomas LaMont


Don't let the headlines get the best of your bones! Calcium and VitD are essential to maintaining healthy bones straight thru perimenopause and menopause. Luckily, if you eat a healthy diet they are more than attainable, they are inevitable - Ellen Dolgen


There's good reason why cacao is known as the food of the gods - Margot Castañeda

CACNA1A-Related Disorders

CACNA1A is not the name of a medical condition but is rather the name of the gene that is affected. When a disorder is traced back to a disease-causing (pathogenic) variant in the CACNA1A gene, it is called a CACNA1A-related disorder - Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia


On average, men develop it about 10 years earlier than women, because until menopause, women are protected from the disease by high levels of estrogen. However, after menopause, the disease becomes more common among women - Merck Manual


The human body is still the best three-dimensional model we have. It can look innovative to switch to virtual anatomy teaching, but you can be really innovative teaching in the gross anatomy lab - Trudy Van Houten

Cadmium Exposure

Yes, cadmium is bad news. It’s the seventh worst material on the CDC’s list of most hazardous substances in the environment, and kids tend to suffer worse effects - The Stir

Caesarean section

I understand we have a national epidemic on our hands with the C-section rate hovering above 30 percent. Many, if not most, are done for the wrong reasons. But there is a time and a place for them - Cara Paiuk


Now more than ever, caffeine’s the sparky, feel-good drug of the masses. It’s quirky, energizing, mood lifting, addictive, fickle, and despite decades of research, remains both mysterious and illuminating - Caffeine and You


CT is implicated in calcium homeostasis; oppose the actions of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and tone down serum Ca2+ concentration. However, its efficacy in intervening and regulating serum calcium levels is significantly lower than other calcium-regulating hormones such as PTH and calcitriol. - Andreas Kiriakopoulos


A high calcium diet should be the preferred method to receive adequate amounts of the nutrient - Douglas C Bauer MD\ The most common metal found in the human body, calcium ions acts as intracellular signals that regulate a suite of important biological events - GrrlScientist

Calcium Channel Blocker Toxicity

The two key therapies for a significant calcium channel blocker overdose are high dose insulin and vasopressors - Justin Morgenstern

Calcium Channel Blockers

They are particularly recommended for people who are over 55 or who are of African Caribbean origin. However, even if neither of these apply to you, you may be given a CCB as a first choice - Blood pressure UK

Calcium Scans

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has found insufficient evidence (benefits vs. harms) to support CAC testing over traditional risk assessments for cardiovascular disease in adults without heart symptoms - Michael Joyce

Calcium Supplements

Is there anything sacred anymore? For years, researchers have stressed that people are not getting sufficient calcium to build strong bones and prevent osteoporosis (brittle bones). But now, a research report claims that calcium supplements increase the risk of cardiovascular disease - Dr. W. Gifford-Jones

Calf Injury

Often those experiencing a calf strain will feel a sudden pain during activity but sometimes there may not be a pop or tear, it may just gradually feel “tight” or sore during or after an activity. The pain is often aggravated by raising up on the tiptoes - Luke Nelson

Calories & Trackers

Calorie monitors may be the necessary motivation to keep on truckin' through a tough cardio workout, but are they really 100 percent on the money - Kelly Fitzpatrick


No longer considered on the fringe of mainstream medicine, alternative health care options are growing in numbers and becoming more and more accepted by practitioners and patients alike

Camp Lejeune

Between 1957 – 1987 an estimated 750,000 to 1,000,000 people may have drank and bathed in tap water containing extremely high concentrations of toxic chemicals at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune in Jacksonville, North Carolina. It is believed to be one of the largest water contamination incident s in US history - Semper Fi: Always Faithful The Movie


Of all the paths you take in life, make sure a few of them are dirt ― John Muir

Campus Rape

College students have been speaking out about sexual assault experiences and it has led to an unprecedented wave of activism, powering real change and influencing the national conversation - The Hunting Ground

Campus Rape and Brock Turner

The latest meager sentence for rape may be less a single miscarriage of justice than a signal of just how deeply embedded sexism remains...


Campylobacteriosis is most commonly attributed to the consumption of undercooked poultry, unpasteurized milk, and untreated water - Food Safety News

Can Commercial DNA Analysis Create a Healthier You?

With DNA analysis making its way into the commercial realm, it was inevitable that the health industry would get in on the action. But how good is that for the consumer?

Can Heartburn Cure AFib? Maybe!

I have my fingers crossed that the odds will be with me and that I might not have to deal with arrhythmia and the associated dangers of stroke ever again - Shilo Zylbergold

Can One Simple Change Double Organ Donation?

Die in the USA, and your organs go to waste unless you’ve opted in to the organ donation problem. But it doesn’t have to be this way—and in many countries, it isn’t.

Can You Save Your Own Skin with Sunscreen?

Not only do their use give you a false sense of security by placing you in harm's way for longer periods of exposure, but they can actually increase your chances of getting cancer - ShiloZ

Canada Healthcare

Universal health care is very important, but our system is overwhelmed and we should be looking at options to supplement it until it can support us all again - Angela Bugera

Cancer & Mobile Phones

It is perhaps the most controversial scientific question of the last two decades. Does mobile phone use cause cancer?

Cancer Apps

If you search “cancer” apps on your phone, you get a weird assortment. Cancer prevention apps. Diagnostic apps. Medical-jargon-your-doctor-will-use translation apps. And a number of horoscope apps...Better Humans

Cancer Awareness

Improvements in communication, in particular focusing on education—at all levels, from the affected individual, through to communities, governments, and beyond—is vital if we are to debunk misconceptions and improve awareness of cancer and its hidden costs - The Lancet Oncology

Cancer Blogs

Embrace a positive attitude, if you can. You may or may not believe it makes a difference in your prognosis, but it feels much better to LIVE and not succumb to the disease

Cancer Charities

Thanks to recent progress including support from a myriad of charities, cancer survivors are increasing by the hundreds of thousands each year, roughly one in twenty adults

Cancer Facilities

They play a vital role in advancing towards our goal of reducing morbidity and mortality from cancer - National Cancer Institute

Cancer Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is a fancy description for treatments designed to get your body to do what it already does for many diseases - Vann R Newkirk II

Cancer Insurance

No one wants to think about getting cancer and having to pay for costly medical treatment. No one, that is, except insurance companies that sell cancer insurance -

Cancer Is It Preventable

Cancer, which affects one out of every two men and one out of every three women is the disease that everyone fears the most. But thanks to recent progress, cancer is also the most preventable disease!

Cancer Research

Billions of dollars are spent annually on cancer research investigating new drugs and procedures to earlier detection methods and an ultimate cure. And it is paying off. Cancer survivors in the western world are increasing - Cary Presant

Cancer Screening

Mammograms, PSAs and PAPs come to mind when we think of tests for cancer. Early detection is the key. But, all these screening tests that we take for granted remain controversial, especially the mammogram - HWN

Cancer Screening Women

It’s time for the breast health community to exchange the term ‘mammography’ screening with ‘breast cancer’ screening - Nancy M. Cappello PhD

Cancer Screening Women

It’s time for the breast health community to exchange the term ‘mammography’ screening with ‘breast cancer’ screening - Nancy M. Cappello PhD

Cancer Screening: Life-Savers or Expensive Luxury?

As health expenditures soar cancer screening has come under scrutiny especially when it comes to mammograms

Cancer Treatment

No one likes surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy. But advances have made all of these treatments more effective and more tolerable. These treatments have scientific proof behind them. Don’t give into magical thinking - David Chan MD

Cancer Vaccines

The success of mRNA-based drugs in combating coronavirus is inspiring scientists to create similar vaccines for melanoma and other tumours - David Cox

Cancers & Types

The four most common cancers, breast, prostate, lung, and colon cancer, all have methods of prevention as well as easy methods for early detection - HWN

Candida auris

It’s pretty much unbeatable and difficult to identify - Dr. Lynn Sosa


Candidal infection varies from a benign local mucosal membrane infection to disseminated disease; it can involve any organ - Patient

Cane Sugar (Sugarcane)

Sugar has been produced since ancient times and is the world’s most popular sweetener. Approximately 100 countries located across the tropics grow sugarcane, one of the most efficient and sustainable feedstocks to produce sugar -

Canine Cardiomyopathy

The definitive cause of canine DCM is the subject of debate, although a number of factors including nutritional, infectious, and genetic predisposition have been implicated - Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine

Canine Parvovirus

Canine parvoviral enteritis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in dogs younger than 6 months of age, despite the availability of safe and highly efficacious MLVs - Mathios E Mylonakis

Canker Sores

There are several types of treatments available for canker sores, ranging from simply waiting to home remedies to over the counter solutions to a visit to your dentist - Thomas P. Connelly, DDS

Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome

Its three primary symptoms are nausea, abdominal pains and cyclical vomiting, an ailment where you retch or throw up far more often than you should (around six to 12 times an hour) - Jake Lewis


Today, researchers are mining the huge number of known cannabinoids — old and new, found in plants or people, natural and synthetic — for possible pharmaceutical uses. But, at the same time, synthetic cannabinoids have become a hot trend in recreational drugs, with potentially devastating impacts - Nicola Jones


Recreational use of marijuana is more or less tolerated in most countries. Even the United States is turning over a new leaf what with several states allowing the lawful use of marijuana...

Canola Oil

Canola oil has practically taken over as the food processing industry’s oil of choice. Whether it’s mayonnaise, chips, or salad dressings, canola oil is usually the first, second or third ingredient on the list. Unfortunately, the health dangers of canola oil are far beyond what we’ve been led to believe - F C Cancer Foundation


Do you want to be safe and good, or do you want to take a chance and be great - Jimmy Johnson


Waveform capnography can now be used.. to better assess patients in respiratory distress, cardiac arrest and shock. Capnography offers reliable feedback about the severity of a patient’s condition and how they respond to treatment - Bob Sullivan

Car Sickness

Life isn't fair. One of the clearest instances of this is the mysterious illness scientists call kinetosis — which most people know as motion sickness - Joseph Stromberg

Carafate (Sucralfate)

Oral aluminum-containing sucrose sulfate complex; forms adherent, protective barrier at sites of damaged GI mucosa, shields mucosa from pepsin, acid, and bile; used for esophagitis, GERD, GI ulceration, and stomatitis - PDR

Carb Loaders

For the average workerouter, carb supplements may not be necessary. Adding a carbohydrate supplement depends on your training, training intensity, duration, and nutrition protocol - Walter Hinchman

Carb Supplements

For the average workerouter, carb supplements may not be necessary. Adding a carbohydrate supplement depends on your training, training intensity, duration, and nutrition protocol - Walter Hinchman

Carbamazepine (Tegretol Carbatrol) Trileptal

Carbamazepine (CBZ), oxcarbazepine (OXC), and eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) are all members of the dibenzazepine carboxamide family. CBZ is the oldest in this class of antiseizure medications (ASMs) and one of the most used drugs to treat epilepsy worldwide - Simona Lattanzi

Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)

It shouldn't happen — someone goes into the hospital to get better and instead comes out with a potentially deadly "superbug" infection...Maggie Fox


Carbapenems play a critically important role in our antibiotic armamentarium. Of the many hundreds of different β-lactams, carbapenems possess the broadest spectrum of activity and greatest potency against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. As a result, they are often used as “last-line agents” or “antibiotics of last resort” when patients with infections become gravely ill or are suspected of harboring resistant bacteria - Krisztina M. Papp-Wallace

Carbidopa/Levodopa (Sinemet)

Carbidopa/levodopa is considered the gold standard for the management of PD motor symptoms - Ami Patel PharmD

Carbo Loading

There is still a time and a place for carbo-loading, but most contemporary sports nutritionists would recommend it a lot less than they would have 20 years ago - Trent Stellingwerff

Carbohydrate Metabolism

Any discussion of carbohydrate metabolism focuses on the synthesis and usage of glucose, a major fuel for most organisms. In vertebrates, glucose is transported throughout the body in the blood. If cellular energy reserves are low, glucose is degraded by the glycolytic pathway. Glucose molecules not required for immediate energy production are stored as glycogen in liver and muscle - Oxford University Press

Carbohydrate Supplements

For the average workerouter, carb supplements may not be necessary. Adding a carbohydrate supplement depends on your training, training intensity, duration, and nutrition protocol - Walter Hinchman

Carbohydrates (Carbs)

Carbohydrates are the main source of calories in a healthy diet and are the primary fuel for the brain and muscles. Typically, about three-fourths of daily calories should come from carbohydrates - Margarita Restrepo

Carbon Dioxide (CO₂) Emissions

Decades of scientific research has proven that carbon pollution is harmful to human health and causes global warming - Jeff Merkley

Carbon Emissions CO2

Decades of scientific research has proven that carbon pollution is harmful to human health and causes global warming - Jeff Merkley


Carboxyhemoglobin is the complex formed within red blood cells when hemoglobin is exposed to carbon monoxide, subsequently binding to hemoglobin with an affinity 200 times that of oxygen - Renata Palmeri;


Carcinoid/NETs (neuroendocrine tumors) are usually misdiagnosed in its early stages resulting in patients going untreated for years. But thanks to the Internet and crowdsourcing, the diagnosis of rare illnesses could get easier

Cardiac (Heart) Event Monitoring

The type of ambulatory electrocardiography cardiac monitoring device chosen depends on the indication for evaluation as well as on the frequency of symptoms - Kostas Ioannou MD

Cardiac Emergencies

There’s a wide range of cardiac emergencies that can develop into rapidly evolving life-threatening situations, including ischemic events, evolving or migrating cardiac circulation events, chronic exacerbation problems and cardio circulatory collapse issues - Rick Rod RN

Cardiac Facilities

The reinvention of protocols to hasten treatment is part of a broad rethinking of how to tackle coronary heart disease - Gina Kolata

Cardiac Health & Issues

Despite the latest in medical management and invasive procedures heart disease continues to be the leading cause of death worldwide

Cardiac Imaging

In a relatively short span of about 50 years, technological developments in cardiovascular imaging have infiltrated every aspect of practice, with noticeable improvements in diagnosis and outcome for patients - W.A. Zoghbi MD

Cardiac Procedures

The proportion of medical procedures unsupported by evidence may be nearly half - Eric Patashnik

Cardiac Screening

Can some of the newer screening tests detect heart disease and predict heart attack risk?

Cardiac Stress Tests

Exercise stress tests are only about 60% effective, meaning they miss 40% of the problems - Kathy Magliato

Cardiac syndrome X

Cardiac syndrome X is not a benign condition as was believed as recently as ten years ago, and is a red flag for a heart attack. Mortality rates are similar for cardiac syndrome X to those with chest pain due to blocked arteries - Dr Robin Roberts

Cardiac Tamponade

This is a CANNOT MISS diagnosis and should always be on our mind when a patient walks in complaining of chest pain and/or shortness of breath. There are multiple causes of cardiac tamponade, however most cases are idiopathic - Dr. Vanessa Petrak

Cardiac Techs

From echocardiographers and ECG techs to perfusionists and nuke med technologists, it's all here, well almost - HWN


Essentially, anything that increases your heart rate and makes you sweat is cardio - Glamour

Cardioembolic Stroke

Cardioembolic stroke is common and disproportionately more disabling than nonembolic mechanisms of stroke. Its incidence is expected to rise because of the age-related incidence of atrial fibrillation and an aging population - Continuum

Cardiogenic Shock

Cardiogenic shock is a very lethal disease and even with angioplasty, 50 percent of the patients die - William O'Neill MD FACC


Despite the dazzling technical advances in cardiology, risk factor reduction and disease prevention in the population are inadequate - Eugene Braunwald


This group of pathological conditions includes dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, and left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy -

Cardiorenal Syndrome

CRS is characterised by the triad of concomitant decreased kidney function, therapy-resistant heart failure with congestion (ie, diuretic resistance), and worsening kidney function during heart failure therapy - Chris Nickson

Cardiothoracic Surgeons

Training in cardiothoracic surgery is long and arduous. Through it all, one’s chief concerns are generally limited to becoming a proficient physician & surgeon while attending to the basic necessities of life, sleep & the occasional meal - J Klapper MD

Cardiothoracic Surgery Journals

Good information is the best medicine - Michael E. DeBakey

Cardiothoracic Surgery Organizations

The prime goal is to alleviate suffering, and not to prolong life. And if your treatment does not alleviate suffering, but only prolongs life, that treatment should be stopped - Christiaan Barnard

Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes

Besides the increased incidence of heart attack and stroke in diabetics, the hallmark of diabetic vascular disease is the non healing wound with its ramifications including the eventual possibility of amputation - Judith Aponte

Cardiovascular Emergencies

Cardiovascular emergencies and symptoms are one of the most common reasons for patients’ attendance in any emergency department. Symptoms are either related to true cardiovascular problems or mimic cardiovascular problems. It becomes very difficult at times to differentiate between them - Shahzad Anjum

Cardiovascular surgeon CME

An investment in knowledge pays the best interest - Benjamin Franklin

Cardiovascular Surgeon Journals

The more important reason is that the research itself provides an important long-run perspective on the issues that we face on a day-to-day basis - Ben Bernanke

Cardiovascular Surgeon Orgs

People who enjoy meetings should not be in charge of anything - Thomas Sowell

Cardiovascular Surgeons

One of the largest directories for the expanding specialty of endovascular intervention - HWN

Cardiovascular-Kidney-Metabolic (CKM) syndrome

Metabolic (CKM) Syndrome – the new health syndrome on the block - Lillie Harris BSN RN


Turns out, cardioversion is pretty much a nonevent; no pain, no recovery, no after effects, not much of anything

Cardioversion vs. Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation

Catheter ablation is effective, widely available, and should be the preferred strategy for the majority of patients with persistent AF - Wilfred Ifeany


Inflammatory heart disease, i.e. carditis, remains an ill-defined disorder caused by viral or bacterial infection and autoimmune processes. Often pericardial effusion... occurs - Dr. Heinz Rupp

Careers in Healthcare

Health is an incredibly broad field that extends from the clinical to the spiritual, with countless jobs... And because of our ever-expanding understanding of the human body, new health-related sectors and jobs appear every year - WorldWideLearn

Caregiver careers

A demanding career, to say the least... just ask any home health care worker who has taken care of a violent Alzheimers patient - The Hill

Caregiver Jobs

As seniors and the disabled continue to become more independent by continuing to live at home instead of moving into long term facilities, the demand for home health care will only increase - HomeHealthcareAgencies

Caregiver Journals

Today a reader, tomorrow a leader - W. Fusselman

Caregiver Organizations

Organize, don't agonize ― Nancy Pelosi


It's allegedly been used as a chemical weapon and is an elephant tranquilizer—now, it's being spiked into heroin - Allison Tierney


Fat burner or supplement myth? The misunderstood fat transporter - PEScience


Choose the most deeply and richly colored foods to get a good dose of protection from carotenoids every day - Dr. Nalini Chilkov

Carotid Artery Disease

Outside clinical trials, endarterectomy and stenting should be reserved for patients with symptomatic severe stenosis or for asymptomatic patients who are shown to be at higher risk for stroke with medical therapy than with intervention - NEJM

Carotid Artery Scans

Mobile screening for stroke seems to be everywhere - at local YMCAs, American Legion posts and community colleges... But controversy surrounds ultrasound carotid screening - Harvard Medical School

Carotid Dissection

The good news is that in many cases of carotid dissection, the artery will eventually heal itself and reopen and the risk of a repeat dissection in a patient is very low - Wayne Clark, MD

Carotid Ultrasound & Screening

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has reaffirmed its recommendation against screening asymptomatic adults in the general population for carotid artery stenosis - MedPage Today

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Researchers have determined that the neutral (0 degree) position of the wrist minimizes pressure within the carpal tunnel, so it is critical to try to keep the wrist in this position for repetitive activities - Michael Zazzali


It might seem odd to be questioning carrageenan’s safety. After all, it hails from a plant, which meant it’s natural, which means it should be safe, right? That depends on who you ask - Karen Asp

Carrots & Vision

So should you forget about glasses and just eat carrots? Probably not. Studies show that while taking vitamin A can reverse poor vision caused by a deficiency, it will not strengthen eyesight or slow decline in people who are healthy - Anahad O'Connor

Case Managers

The practice of case management is designed to formulate a plan that enables the patient to move smoothly through the healthcare system. To achieve this, case managers work closely with many stakeholders: patients, their family members, their caregivers, the healthcare team, payers, and communites - Nursing World

Case Managers

Perhaps the most interesting, reason the demand for healthcare managers is growing is due to changes in how and where patients access healthcare. The choices used to be limited

Castration still around today. In addition to the occasional instance of auto castration...the state has become involved, meting out castration as punishment...and, equally controversially, to prevent future crimes - Stuff You Should Know

Cat Bites

Don't ignore a cat bite...they are more dangerous than you think - HWN

Cat Scans

The use of medical imaging with high-dose radiation — CT scans in particular — has soared in the last 20 years. Our resulting exposure to medical radiation has increased more than sixfold...Rita Redberg & Rebecca Smith-Bindman

Cat Scratch Disease

The microbe that is known to cause cat scratch fever remains cloaked in mystery - Scientific American


Today, thanks to a steady march of advances, cataract replacement surgery often gives people better vision than they’ve had in years - Peter Jaret, Clearer Vision After Cataracts, The New York Times, May 15, 2009


Catatonia is a disorder that feels like it belongs to the past—a relic of the days of hysteria or the four humors.. - Shayla Love

Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia (CPVT)

Syncope occurring during physical activity or acute emotion; mean onset is age seven to 12 years. Less frequently, first manifestations may occur later in life; individuals with a first event up to age 40 years have been reported - Carlo Napolitano MD PhD


When we need to fight or flee having lots of catecholamines is useful. However, catecholamine surges also happen in situations where there is no fighting or fleeing - Joe Alcock

Catheter Ablation (Cardiac Ablation)

Thanks to pioneering work in cardiac ablation by Melvin Scheinman, MD, and others... the need for open-heart surgery or long-term drug therapy for hundreds of thousands of patients with AF or other serious heart rhythm disturbances has been nearly eliminated - Tracy Schaaf

Catheter Directed Therapy for PE

CDT has emerged and appears to be an effective alternative in treating PE, with a hypothetical lower risk of bleeding than systemic thrombolysis, acting directly in the thrombus with a much lower dose of thrombolytic drug or even without thrombolytic therapy - María Barca-Hernando


I wouldn't get a cat if I were you. Why not? They steal babies' breath. They scratch furniture. And black ones are bad luck. Cats even give a parasite to people -- Toxoplasma gondii. What's that? Almost all of that's false?! - Nicholas DeMarino

Cauda Equina

The cauda equina is a structure within the lower end of the spinal column of most vertebrates, that consists of nerve roots and rootlets from second lumbar to coccygeal nerve, which originate in the conus medullaris of the spinal cord - Dr Arun Pal Singh

Cauda Equina Syndrome

Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) is a condition closely related to spinal cord injury (SCI) characterised by core symptoms of bladder, bowel and sexual dysfunction, and pain - R Hall & K Jones

Caustic Ingestion

Ingestion of detergent agents, whether intentional or accidental, can cause serious and potentially life-threatening toxicologic disease. While ingestion in the adult population often stems from psychiatric disease or self-injurious behaviors, the advent of water-soluble laundry detergent pods has led to a significant increase in the number of pediatric poisonings, due in part to their bright coloration and pleasant smell - Natthew Scanlon MD

Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

Suspect CST in any painful ophthalmoplegia + headache + fever - Dr Pranesh


Early tooth decay has tremendous human and economic costs. Caries, the disease that causes tooth decay, is the most common chronic disease of early childhood - End Cavities

CBD & Anxiety

So should you try CBD for stress and anxiety? The bottom line: It’s too early to tell. Those CBD gummies might just be an expensive placebo. In the meantime, turn to evidence-based treatments for stress and anxiety relief – like good old-fashioned exercise - Hilary A. Marusak

CBD & Pain

Fortunately for patients living with chronic pain and inflammation, CBD oil is finally getting the recognition it deserves as a natural, non-addictive pain reliever. Until recently, anyone living with sore, achy muscles and swollen joints had two choices to alleviate their symptoms: NSAIDs and opioids - Jacob Robinson

CBD (Cannabidiol)

The 'miracle' cannabis compound that doesn't get you high - Alex Halperin

CBD Edibles

If CBD does what its advocates suggest – or even a fraction of it – this all-natural, side-effect-free, widely available chemical could genuinely be the wonder drug of our age - Tim Lewis

CBD Gummies

Gummies are a type of ingested edible that has to move through the digestive system before taking effect; this means they typically take longer to start working but longer to wear off, too - Michael Tatz


And so, the jury is still out on the effectiveness of CBD oil. There is still much research that needs to be done before we know one way or the other. For the time being, the CBD oilfields are on standby - Shilo Zylbergold

CBG (Cannabigerol)

CBG (it's full name is Cannabigerol) is yet another cannabinoid. Interestingly, CBG is the precursor to many other cannabinoids, including CBD and THC (the acidic form of CBG breaks down to form the base molecules for the other cannabinoids), so some people refer to it as the mother of cannabinoids - Lottie Winter

CBN (Cannabinol)

A lot of the evidence that experts currently have, particularly with CBN, is anecdotal - Dominique Michelle Astorino

CD4 Cell Count

CD4 is a protein on the surface of T helper cells, a subset of T cells and play an important part in the body’s immune system. These white blood cells circulate throughout the body to find and destroy bacteria, invading organisms - and viruses - Beckman Coulter


It is not unusual for a bureaucracy to get so large and cumbersome that it becomes almost immobile, suffers from budget creep, and loses its primary directive - Elizabeth Wright

CDC & Covid-19

If you hear people talking about CDC recommendations for pandemic life now, it’s probably not with the greatest level of respect - Andy Larsen


Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school - Albert Einstein

Celebrities The Unhealthy Side

If a celebrity says it's so, somewhere there are hundreds or thousands or millions of people who believe it. So what to do when celebrity truths are dubious or flat-out falsehoods?

Celebrity Health

It's worth keeping in mind that Charles Barkley was right: celebrities shouldn't be role models just because they're famous - Greggory Moore

Why do their opinions matter? They are celebrity actresses, with their own incredible talents, smarts, and savvy. But they aren’t doctors, nurses, or scientists with expertise in immunology or public health - Nina Shapiro

Celexa (Citalopram)

These pills aren’t the answer, they’re a crutch. They will help you for now, for a short time, to start figuring things out long-term - Roo

Celiac & Mesenteric Aneurysms

Visceral artery aneurysms (VAAs) are rare and affect the celiac artery, superior mesenteric artery, and inferior mesenteric artery, and their branches. The natural history of VAAs is not well understood as they are often asymptomatic and found incidentally - Hideaki Obara

Celiac Disease

Having Celiac Disease or gluten intolerance is like being dealt the Queen of Spades in the game of Hearts. At first look it can be viewed as a crappy card to be dealt but if you pay the game well, use the card smartly, you win - Simply Gluten Free

Cell Phones & Wireless Devices

It is perhaps the most controversial scientific question of the last two decades. Does mobile phone use cause cancer? - HWN

Cellular Health

Everything you'll ever need to know is within you; the secrets of the universe are imprinted on the cells of your body - Dan Millman


Today, we spend untold millions — if not billions — on anti-cellulite treatments, despite the glaring lack of evidence that any of them work - Kelsey Miller


Cellulitis is a frequently encountered condition, but remains a challenging clinical entity. Under and overtreatment with antimicrobials frequently occurs and mimics cloud the diagnosis - Tadhg Sullivan & Eoghan de Barra


Cellulose is a complex carbohydrate and polysaccharide. Sometimes it can contain as many as 3,000 glucose units. It composes almost 33 percent of all vegetable matter, and it is, hands down, the most abundant organic compound that occurs in nature - Gundry MD

Cellulose Additive

We all know that trees are commonly chopped down and used to produce paper, but did you know that wood pulp by-products are also present in toothpaste, nail polish, towels, and even your favorite foods - Joseph Rauch

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

It is not unusual for a bureaucracy to get so large and cumbersome that it becomes almost immobile, suffers from budget creep, and loses its primary directive - Elizabeth Wright

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

At CMS, the mission Is broader than Medicare and Medicaid - Drew Altman

Central Agonists (Alpha-2 Receptor Agonists)

Central agonists also help decrease the blood vessels' ability to tense up or contract. The central agonists follow a different nerve pathway than the alpha and beta-blockers, but accomplish the same goal of blood pressure reduction - AHA

Central Cord Syndrome

Central cord syndrome (CCS) is the most common, yet most controversial, among the different spinal cord injury (SCI) incomplete syndromes. Since its original description in 1954, many variations have been described while maintaining the core characteristic of disproportionate weakness in the upper extremities compared to the lower extremities - Einat Engel-Haber

Central Lines

Where to place a central venous catheter is a decision driven mainly by individual experience and preference. The limited evidence available has not established any site as superior - PulmCCM

Central Nervous System (CNS)

You might already know that your central nervous system (CNS) is one of the most critical parts of the body. It sends and receives messages between the brain and all the rest of the body using nerve cells, or neurons, which carry these messages.

Central Retinal Artery Occlusion

Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is a form of acute ischemic stroke. Despite >150 years of research, there are no effective evidence-based forms of therapy for this condition. Fewer than 20% of affected patients regain functional visual acuity in the affected eye - Brian Mac Grory

Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO)

Central retinal vein occlusion is one of the commonest vascular diseases of the eye. The pathogenesis is multifactorial with both local factors and systemic diseases being aetiologically important - TuyenLab

Cephalexin (Keflex)

Cross-reactivity between penicillins and MOST 1st and 2nd generation cephalosporins is negligible. Cross-reactivity between penicillins and ALL 3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins is negligible - Bryan D. Haye, PharmD


As a result of widespread use of cephalosporins, bacterial resistance to these drugs is increasingly common, New, fourth-generation agents (such as cefepime) offer an alternative for the treatment of infections caused by some drug-resistant microorganisms - William F. Marshall MD

Cerebellar Stroke

Most commonly, cerebellar strokes result in problems with coordination and ataxia. Cerebellar strokes are less common than other types of strokes. It is estimated that cerebellar strokes account for 1.5-10% of all strokes but evidence suggests that deaths related to cerebellar strokes range anywhere between 23-38% - Neurolutions

Cerebral Aneurysm

It is estimated that 1 in 15 people will develop a cerebral aneurysm during their lifetime - but the majority will never rupture! - Brain Aneurysm Foundation

Cerebral Angiography

Nowadays cerebral angiography has taken on an interventional role especially in the emerging field of minimally invasive cerebral vascular procedures including intra-arterial TPA infusion

Cerebral Cortex

The cerebral cortex is a liberation. We need no longer be trapped in the genetically inherited behavior patterns of lizards and baboons. We are, each of us, largely responsible for what gets put into our brains, for what, as adults, we wind up caring for and knowing about. No longer at the mercy of the reptile brain, we can change ourselves - Carl Sagan

Cerebral Palsy

One thing to bear in mind when researching cerebral palsy (CP) is there are many types of the condition and no two people are the same - Kayleigh

Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis

There are four major CVT syndromes: isolated intracranial hypertension (the most common), focal neurologic abnormality, seizure, and encephalopathy. Headache is the most common presenting symptom. It is present in 90% of patients and is the only symptom in 25% - Justin Morgenstern 

Cerebrovascular Disease

Cerebrovascular disorders often come with grave consequences. Treatment of these disorders has undergone a dramatic transformation and technological advancements in recent years - Kimon Bekelis MD


It's the cerebrum that makes the human brain—and therefore humans—so formidable - Catherine Zuckerman

Cervical (Neck) Strain

If you want a long-term solution to neck stiffness or discomfort and a preventive way to stop it from happening in the first place, you have to focus on more than just your neck - Christa Sgobba CPT

Cervical Cancer

No matter how much or to what extent you want to get involved, we believe that each of you – each woman, survivor, advocate – has value and purpose in our collective commitment to ensuring that others do not suffer or die from cervical cancer - Cervivor

Cervical Cancer Screening

Cervical cancer screening is less debated but nevertheless equally important - HWN

Cervical Disc Disease

There is a tremendous amount of work being done to look for ways to treat degenerating discs, but it’s still in the early stages - Alpesh A. Patel MD

Cervical Myelopathy

There is not a well-defined pattern of symptoms and neurologic deficits in cervical myelopathy. Patients experience a wide constellation of symptoms, which are typically insidious in onset, and often progress in a stepwise manner - Meredith Horton

Cervical Radiculopathy (Pinched Nerves)

Degenerative changes are the common cause of cervical radiculopathy in middle-aged people, but in younger people, a trauma, a ruptured disc, or any other type of injury is the most common reason for cervical radiculopathy - The .fit Way

Cervical Spine Fractures

Fractures of the cervical spine are injuries that must be approached with caution. Some are stable, some are unstable, and mismanagement can lead to life-altering sequelae. Remembering which fractures fit into which category is imperative for optimum emergency department care - Sarah Sanders MD

Cervical Spine Trauma

Recommendations for imaging the cervical spine for trauma has changed quit a lot over the last several years. The National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study (NEXUS) and the Canadian C-Spine Rule (CCR) have been validated and have allowed our practice to advance such that we can effectively practice clinical medicine. However, a word of caution on using these criteria with patients who could be impaired - Sarah Sanders MD


The technology that helps people manage diabetes has gotten so good that patients sometimes feel trapped without it - Sara Dawn Johnson

Chagas disease (Kissing Bug)

Chagas disease has been described as the most neglected of all neglected tropical diseases - a depressing assessment - The Chagas Disease Foundation


Diagnosing chancroid is its own challenge. The symptoms are often confused with those of herpes and syphilis - Alexandra Ossola

Changing the World Through Communication: The Annenberg Foundation

The name "Annenberg" is forever linked to progressivism in public education. But a new generation of Annenbergs is creating a legacy of betterment that extends far beyond the classroom.

Channelopathies (Ion Channel Disorders)

Disorders of ion channels (channelopathies) are increasingly being identified, making this a rapidly expanding area of neurology. Ion channel function may be controlled by changes in voltage (voltage gated), chemical interaction (ligand gated), or by mechanical perturbation - Michael R Rose

Charcot Foot

Charcot neuropathic osteoarthropathy (CN), commonly referred to as the Charcot foot, is a condition affecting the bones, joints, and soft tissues of the foot and ankle, characterized by inflammation in the earliest phase. The Charcot foot has been documented to occur as a consequence of various peripheral neuropathies; however, diabetic neuropathy has become the most common etiology - Lee C. Rogers DPM

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

With apologies to Drs. Charcot, Marie and Tooth, the name is awful. No one knows what it means, it’s cumbersome to spell and it suggests a dental issue. And the acronym? Try googling “CMT” - Michelle Moon

Charities Alzheimer's

Whether it’s a family member, a friend or a famous celebrity, almost everyone has been touched by Alzheimer’s - HWN

Charities Animals

Endangered species are our friends - Yao Ming

Charities Animals

Endangered species are our friends - Yao Ming

Charities Autism

Our attention must turn to ensuring that each unique person with ASD can reach his or her full potential and enjoy a meaningful and productive life - Geraldine Dawson

Charities Cancer

We have reminded people that cancer is a common, shared enemy we face – and one we can and will beat if we continue to unite against it - Sarah Coghlan

Charities Children

Globally, about 16,000 children under the age of five die each day—most from preventable conditions associated with poverty. This staggering number means that more than 11 children die unnecessarily every single minute - The Life You Can Save

Charities Diabetes

Selfishly, I’d like to make a difference in my daughter’s life. But my heartstrings have also been torn by children whose parents don’t have the resources my wife and I do. These are great young people, and we’ve got to give them a shot - Dave Johnson

Charities Environmental

The good news is that charitable giving can help create a cleaner, healthier environment. It has before - Arturo Garcia-Costas and Michele Kumi Baer

Charities Global

When it comes to global health, there is no 'them'... only us - Global Health Council

Charities Global Health

When it comes to global health, there is no 'them'... only us - Global Health Council

Charities Haiti

The 2010 earthquake was the worst to hit Haiti in over 200 years. Last week Hollywood celebrities did what they do best. 'The Hope for Haiti Now' telethon shattered records for money donated raising more than $58 million for disaster relief

Charities HIV/AIDS

It's bad enough that people are dying from AIDS, but no one should die of ignorance - Elizabeth Taylor

Charities International Relief

Do your homework before you donate and contribute responsibly. And on behalf of aid workers everywhere, thank you for your contribution - Jessica Alexander

Charities Mental Health

Advocacy of mental health has risen in recent years but still needs greater worldwide attention, awareness and thoughtful discussion - Najma Khorrami

Charities MS

Despite the diagnosis, it remains an enigma: symptoms shift undetected beneath the surface like water molecules held in an opaque balloon. No two people have the same experience and an individual's symptoms can alter daily - David Whelan

Charities Stroke

The public is dangerously misinformed about stroke, we aim to change that - National Stroke Association

Charities Trauma & Violence

Everything is a constant battle. It’s a constant battle for funding, it’s a constant battle to get support...And you can’t avoid thinking that politically, the most vulnerable people are being targeted - Ella

Charities Veterans

What can we do to help heroes who return from war assimilate into a country for which they have given their effort and loyalty? Dustin DeMoss

Charities Vision & Hearing

Vision keeps us in touch with things in world around us, but if you lose hearing you become isolated from people and this isolation makes life very hard to bear - Felicity Bleckly

Charities Women's Health

There is no limit to what we, as women, can accomplish — Michelle Obama

Charities:Toby Ord Giving What He Can and Encouraging You to Do the Same

Generosity is the right instinct, but not all giving is equally effective. Meet one man who's dedicated his life—including a significant portion of his modest income


These AI-driven robots will thrive in a world that’s continually short on time - Matt Moneypenny

Checkpoint Inhibitors

Cancer can keep the immune system from recognizing that it's bad and keep it from attacking itself. The breakthrough is in therapies called 'checkpoint inhibitors - Dr. Julie Brahmer Checkpoint inhibitors are drugs that pull off cancer's invisibility cloak by blocking the switch that turns it on.


Competitive cheerleading is the most difficult, mentally and physically demanding sport I have ever participated in... It more than deserves the same level of recognition given to other team pursuits - Charlie Brinkhurst-Cuff


Cheese has been known to be controversial when it comes to health, but c'mon, who doesn't like a good cheddar every now and then

Cheese When Government Should Keep Its Hands Off

A recent brouhaha over government restrictions on the aging of cheese is a case in point of how the feds sometimes seem not to know where they're needed and where they're not.

Chelation Therapy (EDTA)

Chelation therapy with EDTA to remove heavy metals from the blood in order to treat coronary disease has been around– and provoked criticism– since the 1950s - Larry Husten

Chemical (Caustic) Eye Injuries

Any chemical exposure to the eyes is a true emergency until proven otherwise - Eric Gruber MD

Chemical Fertilizer

Worldwide, agriculture is the second-largest source of climate change pollution—and both the manufacturing and application of fertilizer has a heavy emissions toll - Climate Portal

Chemical Pollution

The cocktail of chemical pollution that pervades the planet now threatens the stability of global ecosystems upon which humanity depends - Damian Carrington

Chemical Warfare

The use of poisonous chemicals from plant extracts to poison individuals is widely documented throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance, but it was not until the expansion of industrial chemistry in the 19th century that mass production and deployment of CW agents in war became a possibility - K. Ganesan

Chemo Brain

Chemo brain,” the foggy thinking and forgetfulness that cancer patients often complain about after treatment, may last for five years or more for a sizable percentage of patients, new research shows - Tara Parker-Pope


Chemotherapy is a widely used class of drugs to treat many different disorders including, but not limited to: cancers, blood disorders, and a plethora of autoimmune diseases - Chanel White

Chemtrails & Videos

If you are a constant observer of the skies, as I am, it’s not hard to see that something is already going on. This has been voiced by various individuals from all over the world - Arjun Walia

Chemtrails (Stratospheric Aerosol Geoengineering)

The deliberate large-scale manipulation of the planetary environment to counteract anthropogenic climate change - Royal Society


In fact, all of us have a piece of Chernobyl in our bodies going back to 1986 - Michio Kaku

Chest Pain

The cause of chest pain in outpatients may vary from life-threatening conditions to those that are relatively harmless. The most common causes of chest pain are musculoskeletal(30-50%) and gastrointestinal conditions(10-20%) - Axel F. Sigurdsson MD

Chest Tube Insertion

Size may not be as important as you think - Simon Carley

Chest Tumors

Cancer is both physically and emotionally traumatizing. Just ask any cancer survivor and there are plenty nowdays. Star Jones speaks out about her experience and recent surgery

Chest Wall Pain

This condition and costochondral syndrome were initially described as two separate diseases, the sole difference being the amount of swelling of the costal cartilages - Chiropractic Help


Drugs may help to control the symptoms, but the disease takes a relentless course, and most people with severe heart failure do not have long to live. Until now, there has been little doctors can do - Gina Kolata


Over the past few years, health enthusiasts have embraced obscure food and drinks in their quest to find the ultimate nutrition boost. Chia seeds are one of their most popular finds, though they’ve been around for thousands of years - Corey Pemberton

Chia Seeds - 'Ancient' Super Food Makes a Comeback

Chia seeds are not just for pets. Chia is one of nature’s ancient and real super-foods; high in essential fatty acids, protein, soluble fiber, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. So why aren't you taking them?

Chiari Malformation

It’s all made so much harder by how rare and unheard of our condition is, and how ignorant so many medical professionals are about it - Ella


When a person contracts chicken pox, the virus never goes away throughout the person's life -- it just lies dormant in the body - Amanda Chan

Chickenpox Vaccine

It's coverage isn't 100%, but it's good enough--98% with the two-dose regimen--to protect most children who receive it, even around infected peers, and to reduce symptoms in those who do get infected - Emily Willingham


You don't need us to tell you that backyard chickens have become an urban (and suburban) obsession - Allison Aubrey

Chikungunya virus

I'm not being paranoid, especially since Chikungunya is not likely to be fatal. It's just that I'm not into flu-like symptoms or arthritic joint pain - Diana Fasanella


Chilblains are a vasospastic inflammatory disorder that occurs several hours after of the skin of unprotected individuals has been exposed to a non-freezing cold in damp environment (temperate humid climates) - Michael O'Neill

Child Abuse

Child abuse casts a shadow the length of a lifetime - Herbert Ward

Child Care

High-quality child care is a win-win, helping to raise earnings now and increase productivity over the long term while enriching the lives of children - The New York Times

Child Hepatitis Outbreak

What’s unusual is that it’s fulminant hepatitis, which basically means the liver has failed completely in these children. That’s extremely rare in childhood. And it has put us all on high alert - Associate Prof Asha Bowen

Child Hip Dysplasia

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a spectrum of anatomical abnormalities of the hip joint in which the femoral head has an abnormal relationship with the acetabulum - Shahryar Noordin

Child Molestation

The child gives, because the body can, and the mind of the violator cannot - Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings

Child Sexual Abuse

The child gives, because the body can, and the mind of the violator cannot - Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings

Child Suicide

Children under the age of 13 can and do take their lives and rates are sadly rising—especially in the Black population. Triggers for children can include the time of year, the loss of a pet, and having impulsive tendencies - Michelle Stacey


Giving birth should be your greatest achievement not your greatest fear - Jane Weideman

Childhood Asthma

Asthma is the most common chronic disorder among children and the leading cause of both childhood hospitalizations and school absenteeism - Ellen Ruppel Shell

Childhood Cancer

Every hour, a child is diagnosed with cancer. Every 6.5 hours, another young life is lost to this terrible disease - Pediatric Cancer Foundation

Childhood Diarrhea

Contaminated food is a major cause of diarrhea, substantially contributing to malnutrition and killing about 2.2 million people each year, most of them children - Gro Harlem Brundtland

Childhood Epilepsy

There is nothing worse than watching helplessly as your child has his or her first seizure (we know firsthand) - but good diagnosis and treatment make seizures and epilepsy manageable for parents - Epilepsy Foundation

Childhood Hernias

Hernias are usually detected during the first year of life. In babies born prematurely they are often surgically corrected before the infants are discharged from the neonatal intensive care unit. But sometimes hernias do not become apparent until a child is much older, and occasionally not until adulthood - Jane E Brody

Childhood Leukemia

In contrast to most pediatric cancers, there is a growing body of literature, nationally and internationally, that has implicated the role of several environmental indoor and outdoor hazards in the etiology of childhood leukemia - Catherine Metayer MD PhD

Childhood Obesity

The rate of children identified as obese has tripled in the past thirty years. Childhood obesity has become a worldwide problem but in the United States isn't just a problem, it's an epidemic; and the statistics are alarming

Childhood Obesity & Michelle Obama

Let's Move is about putting children on the path to a healthy future. The campaign's goal is to motivate children to become more active and eat healthier so that they reach adulthood at a healthy weight

Childhood Obesity and Schools

Some might say it's government intrusion, but we're talking about children, and we're only saying that public schools ought to be providing them with more than just proper mental nourishment.

Childhood Pneumonia

Pneumonia kills more children than any other infectious disease. Globally, close to 1 million under five children die from this preventable disease every year – the equivalent of more than 2,500 dying every day. That’s more than the death tolls of diarrhoea, malaria and HIV combined for this age group. Yet you will hear of no global campaign or cause to end pneumonia - Save the Children

Childhood Vaccinations

I’m pained to see that childhood immunizations, perhaps the most important health and lifesaving advance of the last century, are being seriously eroded by misinformation and scaremongering - Jane Brody

Children & Covid-19

The coronavirus has largely spared children. Most confirmed to be infected have had only mild symptoms. But... - Pam Belluck

Children & Teens Covid-19 Vaccination

There is a scientific question - will vaccinating children save lives? - which is complex as the answer may vary from country to country - James Gallagher

Children Cancer Charities

The reality is, without philanthropic donations, from individuals and organizations... research for children’s cancer would be abysmally funded - Friends of Cathryn Foundation

Children under 5 & Covid-19 Vaccination

Prioritizing equity is particularly important as vaccination efforts extend to the youngest group of children - Jennifer Kates

Children's Hospitals

Children’s hospitals are essential providers, setting the standard for the highest quality pediatric care while training the next generation of pediatricians - Children's Hospital Association

China & Covid-19

China represents, in many ways, SARS-CoV-2’s final frontier. With its under-vaccinated residents and sparse infection history, the nation harbors “a more susceptible population than really any other large population I can think of - Sarah Cobey,

China Outbreak 2023

Chinese health authorities said the uptick in outpatient visits and hospitalizations has been due to the spread of mycoplasma pneumoniae, RSV, adenovirus and influenza. Importantly, they say they haven’t detected any new pathogens - Bloomberg News

CHIP (Children’s Health Insurance Program)

CHIP has worked together with Medicaid to boost the health insurance coverage rates for children to record levels... This has yielded major and enduring knock-on benefits for kids’ and families’ futures - Joan Alker


Chiropractors tend to have very high patient satisfaction rates. And from a public health perspective, we’d see a lot fewer unnecessary tests and hospitalizations and opioid prescriptions - Michael Schneider

Chiropractic Careers

Regardless of the debate that still exists, chiropractic has grown significantly as an alternative form of treatment in the past century - Yale Journal of Medicine & Law

Chiropractic CE

we are committed to “living our values” by putting patients at the center of all our decisions, using the best available evidence and by collaborating with other healthcare providers - ACA Learn

Chiropractic Journals

A Cochrane Review of spinal manipulation therapy for chronic low back pain shows that at minimum, it’s as effective as exercise therapy, standard medical care or physiotherapy - Peter Tuchin

Chiropractic Medicine Jobs

Once again, chiropractors are not going to be on anyone’s top 10 list of trends, but overall the future of chiropractic health care is optimistic - Jeffrey Tucker

Chiropractic Organizations

Chiropractic care is increasing in popularity. More people are turning to chiropractic care for everyday aches and pains to maintain their spinal health and for drug-free pain management - Dr. Sherry McAllister


Chiropractic medicine has come a long way since the 1880s and D.D.Palmer. Are you a mixer or are you straight - HWN


Most common symptom is no symptoms at all...The good news is that chlamydia can be prevented, easily tested for, AND is easily treatable with antibiotics -

Chlamydia pneumoniae

The Chlamydia pneumoniae organism, first described in 1988, is not the sexually-transmitted type. It is an airborne organism that you get from breathing after a person carrying the organism has coughed - Nancy Humphrey

Chlamydia Treatment Guidelines

One of the biggest frustrations in public-health circles today involves a tiny bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis - Melinda Beck

Chloramine Gas

You should never mix bleach and ammonia together because the end result is a dangerous/deadly combination of toxic vapors. The chemical reaction releases toxic vapors called chloramines, and these chloramines can potentially react with other chemicals to form a toxic, flammable substance known as hydrazine - Daniel Nelson


Researchers have identified hundreds of disinfection byproducts in drinking water, including some that increase in the presence of chloramine and can be more toxic than those regulated by the EPA - Kris Maher


Chloramphenicol can also be given orally, and it’s relatively cheap. Unfortunately this drug can also be very toxic, both to the animals being treated with it and to people that come in contact with with it in the process - Scott Weese


Sodium and potassium as electrolytes often overshadow chloride, but chloride should not be underestimated in importance -


So—chlorine has helped rid the developed world of serious diseases, but has created substantial risks of its own. Can we do better - Lakis Polycarpou

Chlorine chemical warfare agent

Chlorine also has a much darker history in conflicts stretching back to the first world war - Kathryn Harkup


It’s used as a pesticide in plants to control plant size by blocking the hormones that stimulate plant growth before they bloom, according to the EPA - Arianna Johnson

Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)

The discovery of the antipsychotic properties of chlorpromazine in the 1950s was a fundamental event for the practice of psychiatry and for the genesis of the so-called psychopharmacological revolution - Francisco López-Muñoz


Okay let's face it - some of us would like to see chocolate declared it's own food group! Plus we are finding out that chocolate has health benefits, too - HWN

Chocolate Milk

The nutrition winds seem to be blowing against chocolate milk these days — it's become the latest target in the crusade to save our children - Jennifer Sygo


We’ve all been there: You’re having a pleasant meal when suddenly, out of nowhere, your food goes down the wrong pipe. It’s uncomfortable, annoying and scary at the same time. It’s the worst - Rebecca Adams


Although we continue to label CCA according to its anatomic location, we are acquiring knowledge of the genetic underpinnings of the disease, leading to advancements in the field - Cancer Therapy Advisor


The role of ERCP in cholangitis has become universally accepted as first-line treatment - Ming Ming Xu MD


The pathophysiologic mechanism of acute cholecystitis is blockage of the cystic duct. Cholecystitis is a condition best treated with surgery; however, it can be treated conservatively if necessary - StatPearls


One of the classical gastrointestinal hormones known to play a central role in regulating nutritional homeostasis is cholecystokinin.. This is a peptide hormone synthesized and secreted from neuroendocrine I cells scattered throughout the mucosa in the proximal two-thirds of the small bowel. Major stimulants of its release include lipids and protein in the meal - Laurence J. Miller


Choledocholithiasis is a common presentation of symptomatic cholelithiasis that can result in biliary obstruction, cholangitis, and pancreatitis - Vimal K. Narula


When you hear the word “gallstone,” you probably think it is a problem only senior citizens deal with. But gallstones can afflict anyone regardless of age. And no matter who you are, a gallstone attack is painful - Debra Bell

Cholera (Vibrio Cholerae)

The current 7th pandemic started in Indonesia in 1961, reached Africa in 1971 and the Americas in 1991, and still persists in many developing countries - Global Alliance Against Cholera

Cholera Vaccines

Cholera won't be solved solely by vaccines — better sanitation is also a vital component because the illness is spread through water. But vaccines do play an important role in warding off outbreaks - Clare Roth


Cholesteatoma is probably one of the very few conditions in the body with as many controversies regarding its name, definition, genesis and pathology. It is essentially a benign tumour - Ashutosh Ganesh Pusalkar


Cholesterol is complicated. While just reading the word conjures images of people eating fast food or clutching their hearts, cholesterol isn't inherently bad - Markham Heid


Choline is an essential water soluble micronutrient that’s neither a vitamin or a mineral - Dr Tara Swart

Cholinergic Toxidrome

Another easy way to remember the signs and symptoms of this toxidrome is that there are things leaking from every orifice. Yuk - Central East Prehospital Care Program

Cholinesterase inhibitors

It has been hypothesized that inhibition of AChE and BuChE may contribute to counter formation Aβ plaques and therefore to represent a disease-modifying strategy principle, but no conclusive evidence was obtained to confirm this hypothesis - Gabriella Marucci


While the evidence of benefit is certainly not compelling, some studies have found that these supplements provide modest benefit and people who feel it is helping them may not care so much about individual studies - Robert H. Shmerling MD


Blessed is the season which engages the whole world in a conspiracy of love – Hamilton Wright Mabie

Christmas & Covid-19

This exceptional holiday season will probably be more memorable because it’s so different. We just have to find a way to make the most of it - Gretchen Rubin, author of Happier at Home

Christmas and Giving

Something needs to be done about Ebola, and it is Christmas. So, spend a dollar, download a song, and save a life.

Chromium Exposure

Chromium in inorganic systems occurs in several chemical forms...Trivalent chromium is an essential nutrient component while excess chromium(VI) in biological systems has been implicated in specific forms of cancer - Journal of Environmental Studies

Chromium picolinate

The benefits of taking chromium supplements is still somewhat controversial and questioned by some medical experts, since studies to date show mixed results - Dr. Axe


Chromosomes carry the genetic code that determines the characteristics of a living thing. They are fascinating due to the varied factors they determine, the sometimes negative effects they can have and their complexity - Taryn Cain

Chronic Bronchitis

A person with COPD usually has symptoms of two different conditions: chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Those two conditions are now classified under the same name COPD – because most people have symptoms of both -

Chronic Diarrhea

Not all chronic diarrhea is strictly watery, malabsorptive, or inflammatory, because some categories overlap. Still, the most practical diagnostic approach is to attempt to categorize the diarrhea by type before testing and treating - Gregory Juckett

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Doctors are getting a new way to diagnose chronic fatigue syndrome — and influential government advisers say it's time to replace that hated name, too, to show it's a real and debilitating disease - Lauran Neergaard

Chronic Illness

Chronic illness is raging for several reasons—including a rise in sedentary lifestyles, which raises the risk of diabetes, obesity and heart disease, and a rising life expectancy that means we’re living longer with chronic illnesses - Manon DeFelice

Chronic Illness & the NFL

NFL players, especially former linemen, had fewer disease-free years and earlier high blood pressure and diabetes diagnoses. Two age-related diseases, arthritis and dementia, were also more commonly found in former football players than in other men of the same age - Cara Murez

Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP)

Guillain-Barre's less evil twin - Danya Khoujah

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Kidney disease. The largest public health issue you have probably never heard about. It’s the silent killer that very few people are aware of - Leslie Spry MD

Chronic Liver Failure

For those patients who have been diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, it is the leading cause of chronic liver disease in the United States and other Western countries - Julie Chen MD

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is often called the “good cancer.” While today’s medications help many people with CML, some patients do not do as well - What About My CML

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

COPD is a difficult disease, and it requires some toughness. But you should never ignore breathing trouble. The earlier help is sought when breathing trouble starts the easier it is for a physician to fix you - Respiratory Therapy Cave

Chronic Pain

Unrelieved pain contributes more to human suffering than any other disease. It is time to invest in research to find safe effective therapies and on training health care providers to appropriately diagnose and treat pain - Robert Caudle

Chronic Rhinosinusitis

The overall impact of CRS on one’s quality of life has been reported as being similar in magnitude to other serious diseases, such as congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and Parkinson’s.- Zachary M. Soler MD

Chronic Sinusitis

Predisposing factors for persistent sinus trouble are numerous, ranging from a deviated septum and bad allergies to immunodeficiency. But the underlying disease process has long been an enigma - Ingfei Chen

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

You cannot condition the brain to taking blows. If you subject the brain to enough head trauma, permanent brain damage may happen - Dr. Robert Cantu

Chronic Ulcerative Colitis

UC is a disease that can be beaten, and life for sure can go on after your diagnosis - Adam Scheuer

Chronic Venous Disease

Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common but underdiagnosed cause of leg pain and swelling - Marilena Spiridon

Chronic Venous Insufficiency

Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common but underdiagnosed cause of leg pain and swelling - Marilena Spiridon


Doctors are becoming increasingly interested in the science of chronotherapy - aligning medical treatment to our circadian rhythms - Fergus Walsh

Churg-Strauss Syndrome

CSS classically develops as new onset asthma and/or allergic rhinitis, which progresses to hypereosinophilia, often with an associated tissue infiltration, before culminating in frank vasculitis - Joseph Eustace MD


Chylomicrons are metabolized balls of fat and cholesterol that enter your blood stream through your intestines after a meal – usually within about 15 minutes after your last bite - University Of Alberta

Cialis (Tadalafil)

Cialis is the longest acting, with a duration of up to 36 hours. Cialis’s long duration means that it can be taken once a day, eliminating the need to take a pill before each sexual encounter. Such once-a-day dosing has been reported to increase sexual self-confidence and spontaneity - Richard Klasco MD


This historic drink is incredibly versatile for any drinker. The craft boom has expanded the possibility and variety of cider styles, particularly in the U.S. where the beverage’s was on the D-list as being overly sweet for way too long. From dry to sweet to tannins to bubbles, there is something for everyone if you know what to look for - Craft Cider


Cigarettes have a significant impact on the environment, not just health - Hayley Dunning & Joanna Wilson

Ciguatera and Scombroid Poisoning

Common types of poisoning from spoiled fish include scombroid and ciguatera. Neither type of fish poisoning can be detected by taste or appearance. Neither can be prevented by cooking or freezing the fish - Rose Ann Gould Soloway

Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

Fluoroquinolones, represented by levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin, are widely used for treatment of UTIs - Dehong Cao

Circadian Rhythm

Understanding biorhythms is helping doctors direct treatments, including the best times to take various medications. It is also suggesting new treatment strategies - Melinda Beck


Because male circumcision is so common in the states, few Americans realize how rare it is most everywhere else - Emily Bobrow


Cirrhosis is a silent killer. You may not know you have it until it is too late to reverse it - Jamile Wakim-Fleming, MD


Neither the plant nor the oil used in repellents has proven to be effective in repelling mosquitos, though both are often marketed as repellents - Melissa Locker

Civil Rights & Healthcare

We must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as fools - Martin Luther King Jr.


We think of gonorrhea as a funny infection—the clap...But the consequences of untreated gonorrhea are quite serious; infertility, increased risk of HIV, and a big impact on our national wallet…nothing to clap about there - Deborah Arrindell

Claritin Zyrtec Allegra

Second-generation antihistamines are a class of allergy medications that are less likely to cause drowsiness and are longer-acting than first-generation antihistamines. Examples include loratadine, cetirizine, and fexofenadine - Aakash Shah


Claustrophobia is the irrational fear of confined or crowded spaces, and classified as an anxiety disorder. It’s the most common phobia affecting 1 in 10 people across the globe - Kirstyn Krause PhD

Clavicle Fractures

Medial or lateral clavicle fractures; non-displaced, no soft tissue compromise: Generally non-operative with a sling for 6-8 weeks. Middle third fractures that are displaced >100% the clavicle width, shortened, or a young active patient: Generally delayed operative intervention. Soft tissue compromise (skin tenting), neurovascular compromise, mediastinal risk: Likely admission for urgent repair - Jordan Cohen

Clean Eating

It’s increasingly clear that clean eating, for all its good intentions, can cause real harm, both to truth and to human beings - Bee Wilson

Clean Water

Unlike curing cancer, ending global poverty and so many other pressing challenges humans face, when it comes to ending the water crisis, we have the knowledge and the technology to make it a reality - Scott Harrison

Cleft Lip and Palate

Take a deep breath. Think about the last thing you ate or the last time you spoke out loud. For many of us, we take these simple actions for granted. Now, imagine struggling to breathe, eat, or speak, every second of every day - Angieleca “Angel” Hayahay

Climate Change

Of course, gun violence is not the only area of research where politics and science clash. Climate change is a contentious subject that proves evidence doesn’t eliminate controversy - Clare Foran

Climate Change & Air Pollution

Might the result of one particle—or a dozen, or a hundred—be negligible in relation to human health? Sure. But put enough particles out there, and things change

Climate Change & Coffee

The planet is warming, and the effects are being felt far and wide. But a new one may hit so close to home that by the end of the century the daily life of the average American will never be the same.

Clindamycin (Cleocin)

Clindamycin has been available since 1968 after it was synthesized as a derivative of lincomycin, which is a natural product made by Streptomyces lincolnensis, an actinobacterium - Christina Shenvi MD PhD

Clinical Databases

A medical journal search engine allows you to find information and literature about any medical or life science-related topic. Instead of searching primary resources for information, you find everything in one place - Sarah Neidler PhD

Clinical Nurse Specialists

CNSs do all of these things and more. CNSs are educators, consultants, leaders, and researchers. I find that each CNS position takes on a piece of each of these areas, like a pie, but each varies in the size of the slices - Jessica Storlie RN BSN

Clinical Trials

Sweeping clinical trials in which thousands of patients are studied for years at a stretch have long been the Holy Grail of medical research... But in the era of personalized medicine...big trials are falling out of favor - Lucette Lagnado

Clinical Trials Breast Cancer

Did you know, depending upon where you look for the information, a mere 3-5% of cancer patients participate in clinical trials - Anne Marie

Clinical Trials Covid-19

It's very clear that there's been a huge amount of wasted resource, on multiple underpowered or poorly designed trials. That's really disappointing, but I suppose not surprising because we're in a pandemic and everybody wants to try and do something - Peter Horby

Clinics & Facilities

Unfortunately, we still have a healthcare system that makes money by treating disease, rather than by preventing it - Steven Charlap


The clitoris is knot of 8,000 nerve fibres and the only organ in the body designed purely for pleasure – more concentrated nerve endings than in the tongue, twice as many as in the penis. Proof that God is a Woman ― Chloe Thurlow

Clock Drawing Test

Although initially used as a test for constructional apraxia and aphasia-related disorders during the 1980s, it remains a popular screening tool for cognitive disorders, even today - John J. Miller MD

Clonidine (Catapres)

Clonidine has a vast array of uses including anxiety, ADHD, hypertension, withdrawal (opitates, alcohol and smoking), migraines, menopausal flushing, diarrhoea and finally pain. It causes the classic triad of drowsiness, miosis and bradycardia in overdose - Neil Long


The cloning of humans is on most of the lists of things to worry about from Science, along with behaviour control, genetic engineering, transplanted heads, computer poetry and the unrestrained growth of plastic flowers - Lewis Thomas

Clostridioides difficile (CDiff)

C. diff has spread across the globe, helped in large part by air travel, the availability and frequent use of antibiotics, and the graying of the world’s population - J Thomas LaMont

Clostridium perfringens

Complications are rare in the typical, mild gastroenteritis form of the disease, particularly among people under 30 years old - FBI of the Month

Clots Post Covid-19 Vaccination

The blood-clot problem Is multiplying. So are theories to explain it - Roxanne Khamsi

Club Drugs

Although alcohol remains the primary “social lubricant,” it has been joined by many newer psychoactive drugs that are used to intensify social experiences - they often are referred to as club drugs - Paul Gahlinger MD


Today, the Ponseti method is now almost always the treatment of choice for clubfoot and is recommended by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. When it is done correctly, 97 percent of children born with clubfoot never need invasive surgery. - Jenny Gold

Cluster Headaches

The disease is life altering, and been clinically noted as 'The Worlds Most Painful Disease - Cluster Head Survivor


The very first step towards success in any occupation is to become interested in it - Sir William Osler

CME Cardiologists

Education is a chemical reaction between knowledge and the mind; the byproducts are new thoughts, new ideas, new perceptions, and new feelings - Debasish Mridha


Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is often called the “good cancer.” While today’s medications help many people with CML, some patients do not do as well - What About My CML


At CMS, the mission Is broader than Medicare and Medicaid - Drew Altman

CNAs & Nurse Aides

Preexisting staffing shortages and dismal pay are colliding with a crisis that’s testing the limits of the nurses and health aides caring for the sick and elderly - Bryce Covert

Coal & the Environment

Why put lives at risk over a polluting and pre-historic energy source, when a clean alternative is ready and waiting - Petra Stock

Coarctation of the Aorta

Current management of isolated CoA, localized narrowing of the aortic arch in the absence of other congenital heart disease, is a success story with improved prenatal diagnosis, high survival and improved understanding of long-term complication - Ami B. Bhatt


The human cost of cobalt mining — once a problem largely hidden from end-users of the mineral— has now been highlighted more broadly, and the eyes of the world, especially consumers, are open - Bianca Nogrady

Coca Leaf

History has been unjust to the coca leaf, denying it distribution on a global scale despite its proven value as an energy enhancer, and limiting its potential for widespread use as a healthy alternative to all sorts of chemical stimulants - Anthony Henman


Did you know that that the original Coke formula invented in 1886 had a significant amount of cocaine in it which was inspired by a tonic wine called 'Vin Mariani' concocted from coca leaves and Bordeaux


The disease doesn't generate intense media coverage either, unlike the recent outbreak of fungal meningitis. People don't think to ask their doctors to test for the disease - The Modesto Bee

Coccyx Fracture

Coccygeal fractures are generally low-severity injuries, which nonetheless can be diagnostically challenging. Diagnosis may be delayed or missed due to coccygeal anatomy and patient/technical factors (e.g. obesity, overlying bowel gas/feces) - Dalia Ibrahim

Cochlear Implants

It’s important to remember that a cochlear implant will not give you normal hearing. However, it will give you better hearing than with hearing aids, and it can take up to 2 years for the rehabilitation process - I Look so I can Hear


it would be inappropriate to assume all Cochrane reviews are good quality and are at low risk of bias - Children's Health Defense


In modern society, cocoa is being eaten as a confectionery, contrary to its medicinal use in the past. However, since the last decade, there has been a revival of talks about cocoa's health beneficial effects - Rabia Latif

Coconut Oil

Surely you've heard by now that coconut oil is the secret of life. It fights viruses, reduces heart disease, promotes weight loss, and can be used as a butter substitute. Only it's not actually that healthy - Kristina Rodulfo

Coconut Sugar

Coconut anything and everything is still holding strong in the grocery aisle, from cooking oil (you have more than one type in your kitchen, right?) to snacking "chips" to coconut sugar - Janet Rausa Fuller

Coconut Water

While most individuals use the flesh of the coconut in their cooking, coconut water and oil are also known to have numerous health benefits - Marcus Samuelsson


While less dangerous than heroin or fentanyl, codeine is turned into morphine in the liver and can still be toxic in high doses - Gary Finnegan


I'll Have a Half Caf, No Foam, Non Fat...A refill please. No longer is coffee the black sludge that poured from the stainless steel percolator in the 60's. Latte, espresso, caffeinated, decaf, non-fat, soy, foam, no foam, combinations are endless - HWN

Coffee Cup Pollution

Our love for coffee and other takeaway foods supports an enormous consumption of disposable cups around the world (billions every year). It’s a growing environmental problem that deserves attention - David Evans

Coffee or Tea Which Brew is Healthier

Nowadays hot drinks are hot! Unlike soft drinks and hard drinks, tea and coffee are healthy. Caffeinated drinks are performance enhancers but research suggests that there may be hidden benefits


You can find so much on the Internet. But if you want to increase your brainpower, you may be looking in the wrong place. - Greggory Moore

Cognition Enhancers (Nootropics)

Nootropics aren’t new—the word was coined in 1972 by a Romanian doctor, Corneliu E. Giurgea—but the Silicon Valley-led body-hacking movement seems to have given them new life -

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

You’ve probably heard of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), the evidence-based psychotherapy treatment method focused on changing negative thoughts and behaviors. It seems to be mentioned in nearly every self-help article online - Ryan Howes PhD

Cognitive Screening

Worried about recurring mental lapses? Simple cognitive tests can help determine if there's a problem - Matthew Solan

Cognitive Tests

There are many apps and intelligence quizzes online that promise to measure — or even boost — your cognitive abilities or reveal characteristics about your personality - Matt Davis


Carboxyhemoglobin is the complex formed within red blood cells when hemoglobin is exposed to carbon monoxide, subsequently binding to hemoglobin with an affinity 200 times that of oxygen - Renata Palmeri

Cold Pressed Juices

The claims are appealing enough to have helped spawn a trend, attracting celebrity endorsements and giving rise to cold-pressed juice stands... but the truth is there's no sound evidence to support all these claims of superiority - Julia Belluz

Cold Related Illness

Similar to heat burns, frostbite is divided into three levels of severity. These include frostnip, also called superficial frostbite; partial thickness, or second degree, frostbite; and full thickness, or third degree, frostbite - Global Rescue

Cold Spells & Winter Storms

Nothing burns like the cold - George R.R. Martin, A Game of Thrones

Cold Water Immersion (Ice Baths)

For centuries, cold water has been regarded as both ‘hero’ and ‘villain’, as having both beneficial and detrimental effects - M. J. Tipton


Who has not dreamed of a cure for the common cold?

Colestid Cholestyramine

These two drugs are not commonly used to treat diabetes, but they’re options. If you’re not at your target A1C and/or blood sugar range - Amy Campbell


It may seem like an eternity, but most cases of colic resolve by the time a child is 3 months old -


Imagine the time that you got horrific food poisoning or the worst stomach bug ever, you know that one time one when you couldn't control your bowels - Sam Cleasby


Collagen is the body’s most abundant protein, made up of amino acids, or peptides. It literally glues our bones, cartilage, skin and blood vessels together - Brooke Russell

College Drinking

Collective intoxication is intoxicating, one of the reasons that it’s been so difficult to reduce the amount of binge drinking on campuses - Emily Yoffe

College Drinking Should the Legal Drinking Age be Lower?

Support for lowering the legal drinking age comes from the most unexpected places, several American colleges. Does it make sense?

Colleges & Universities Covid-19

Universities can lead by example here, and can demonstrate to the community, to the country at large, how you really manage a public-health crisis, and how everybody has a role to play - Janet Napolitano

Colon Polyps

Because of intense public education and awareness, it is now common knowledge that colon or rectal polyps can lead to colon cancer if the polyps are not removed - Gary H. Hoffman MD

Colonic Cleanses


The medical consensus is that colon cleanses are both unnecessary and have the potential to harm. It will be expensive; and it's cleaning waste build-up that doesn't exist. It's your choice, but the science says that it's a poor idea - JR Thorpe


We need to shift resources and change the norm, so that there’s a positive view on the colonoscopy, comparable to what we have for mammography - Electra Paskett

Color Blindness

It turns out that one out of every ten people on earth is color blind, and most of them do not even know it - Mind Warehouse

Colorectal Cancer

The burden of the disease is shifting to younger generations — and puzzling researchers - Julia Belluz

Colorectal Cancer (CRC) Screening

Traditional colonoscopy is unequivocally best at finding cancer and precancer, but the best screening test is one that you will do as often as is recommended - Jane E Brody

Colorectal Surgeons

I love the field because it allows me to master my craft by specializing in one area and not be spread too thin. Cancer and inflammatory bowel disease are extremely challenging adversaries - Dr. Yoo


This first milk is packed with a huge amount of goodies, including immunoglobulins, anti-microbial peptides and other bioactive molecules including growth factors – a nutritional armoury designed to get a newborn through the critical first few days of life. Its properties have been revered for thousands of years across many cultures - Joanna Moorhead

Colostrum Supplements

Colostrum from cows is being touted as an immunity supplement on social media, but experts aren't sure it's necessary - Sandra Rose Salathe


Before making endoflife directives...take time to study coma survivor stories. When one is rendered comatose, one does not know/understand that they are in such a condition. Survivors have stated having an awareness of surroundings...Coma Survivor Stories

Combination BCPs

Every brand of combined pill on the market contains the same type of synthetic oestrogen, ethinyl estradiol, and one of eight synthetic progesterones, called progestins. Ethinyl estradiol prevents the body from releasing an egg every month, while progestins thicken the mucus at the entrance to the cervix and conspire to make the womb inhospitable - Zaria Gorvett

Combination Therapy in Asthma

Bronchodilator combinations are generally inhalers or inhalation devices, which contain more than one bronchodilator, or a bronchodilator and a steroid -

Comics & Cartoons

Comics are a gateway drug to literacy ― Art Spiegelman

Common Cold

When you’re suffering from a minor bug, you might feel rather inundated with conflicting advice. Do you feed it or starve it? Sleep all day or run until you break a fever-killing sweat? - Rachel Feltman

Common Conditions Pets & Animals

For now, it’s not hard to suspect that, at least when it comes to health care, our pets are a canary in the coal mine - Helaine Olen

Commotio Cordis

Without immediate CPR and defibrillation the prognosis of commotio cordis is not very good - Korey Stringer Institute

Community health

Justin Rudd is one little person in one little part of the world. But his work shows how one little person can make one big difference and provides a model that can be copied anywhere.

Complementary & Alternative Health

No longer considered on the fringe of mainstream medicine, alternative health care options are growing in numbers and becoming more and more accepted by practitioners and patients alike - HWN

Complementary & Alternative Medicine

No longer considered on the fringe of mainstream medicine, Complementary & Alternative Medicine is one of the fastest growing industries in the world of health and medicine - HWN

Complementary & Alternative Medicine Careers

As opposed to conventional medicine, a career in alternative medicine has its advantages such as better hours and more flexibility, as well as spending more quality time with your patients, many of whom swear that it is beneficial - HWN

Complementary & Alternative Medicine Insurance

No longer considered on the fringe of mainstream medicine, Alternative Medicine is one of the fastest growing industries in the world of health and medicine - HWN

Complementary & Alternative Medicine Jobs

Sounds like complementary & alternative medicine is becoming less alternative and more complementary - HWN

Complementary & Alternative Medicine Students

Some of the better sites and resources out there to help you get through your alternative medicine career

Complete Heart Block

Pharmacological interventions should be considered temporary, often insufficient, treatments that can be attempted until a pacemaker is established -

Complex Carbohydrates (Polysaccharides)

Carbs can get a bad rap, but not all carbs are created equal - Lainey Younkin MS RD

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

We are not “addicts”! We are people who are suffering with a horrific daily pain and who are “dependent” upon a pill, a patch, a spray or a lozenges; to get through our daily routines - Suzanne Stewart, author of “Tears of Truth” blog

Complications Covid-19

If you want to sicken your population, you isolate them - Steven Magee

Complications EVAR

Complications of endovascular grafts can present atypically or silently. Always maintain a high index of suspicion and have a low threshold to perform imaging. Endoleaks are the most common complication of Endovascular Aortic grafts - Richard Slama MD

Complications Post Stroke

In contrast to the widely explored local neurovascular deficits, the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in multiple post-stroke complications have scarcely been investigated - Yinong Huang


Closing the loop on food waste and getting high quality compost into the hands of local growers can have tremendous impact on the biodiversity and health of our land, greenhouse emission reduction, and food future - David Paull

Compounding Pharmacies

Some in healthcare still question the quality control of bulk compounders, but others say they have grown comfortable with the industry’s expanded role, pointing out that generic manufacturers also face safety problems - Jared S. Hopkins

Concierge medicine

The old-fashioned pay-as-you-go model for primary care is getting tested anew - NPR

Concussion Protocol

While promising studies on concussions may eventually take the guesswork out of concussion diagnosis, at this point, concussion evaluation and concussion management is only a best-practice method - Sarah Turner


Anybody can sustain a concussion, but those who engage in contact sports have an increased risk of repeated and serious concussions that can manifest as dementia in later life - HWN

Concussions and Sports Can We Have One Without the Other?

Anybody can sustain a concussion, but those who engage in contact sports have an increased risk of repeated and serious concussions that can manifest as dementia in later life

Condoms Male

Condoms are cheap, widely available, and highly effective when used properly. But they’re also notoriously unsexy, and often forgone in the heat of the moment - Eleanor Smith |


A Parliament is nothing less than a big meeting of more or less idle people - Walter Bagehot


Scientists have been building a body of evidence over the past few years demonstrating that confusion can lead us to learn more efficiently, more deeply, more lastingly—as long as it’s properly managed - Annie Murphy Paul

Congenital Anomalies

Major birth defects come as a surprise for most parents, but they don’t have to - Darshak Sanghavi

Congenital Aortic Stenosis and Bicuspid Aortic Valve

Currently, congenital aortic valve stenosis (CAVS) accounts for 10% of all congenital heart defect cases, which affect 1 in 150 people. CAVS progresses as an obstructive narrowing of the aortic opening due to enlargement of the AV leaflets through deregulated ECM production and results in heart failure. Approximately 90% of all CAVS cases are due to bicuspid aortic valve (BAV).- Cassandra Lucille Clift

Congenital Defects

Major birth defects come as a surprise for most parents, but they don’t have to - Darshak Sanghavi

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia has been recorded for over 300 years, but no one has ever heard of it, unless they encounter it - Breath of Hope

Congenital Heart Defects

More than 1 million babies are born with a congenital heart defect in the world — making this the leading cause of death from birth defects. In developing countries, many of these children are never diagnosed - Dorian de Wind

Congenital Heart Disease

More than 1 million babies are born with a congenital heart defect in the world — making this the leading cause of death from birth defects. In developing countries, many of these children are never diagnosed - Dorian de Wind

Congenital Hearts & Adoption

The list of celebrities adopting foreign born children just keeps on growing and some of the children come with special needs such as congenital heart disease

Conjoined Twins

Surgery to separate conjoined twins has advanced to a stage where many twins who historically had to remain connected or die can now be successfully separated. However, this is not universally the case, and conjoined twins raise fascinating philosophical and ethical issues - Julian Savulescu


Conjunctivitis is an eye disease that has been described since antiquity. Ancient Roman oculists, the eye physicians of the time, prescribed remedies such as vinegar lotions and copper oxide for its treatment. Though the treatments have changed over the last 2,000 years, the disease has not - Jason Yosar

Connective Tissue Disorders

The connective tissue disorders (CTDs) form a large heterogeneous group of conditions that are linked by a disease process that primarily involves the connective soft tissues of the body and often the vasculature too, due to shared structural proteins, such as collagen and elastin. There are over 200 documented disorders of connective tissue - Physiopedia


Doing good by doing the right thing is actually quite rare. And that shouldn’t surprise; acts of conscience pose significant psychological risks, especially when done collectively - Todd Essig


The puzzle of consciousness is so devilish that scientists and philosophers are still struggling with how to talk about it, let alone figure out what it is and where it comes from - James Gorman


There's never a good time to be constipated. It's not fun. Not fun at all. And if you're reading this, you're clearly one of the millions upon billions of people every day that may be experiencing symptoms...Makenna Goodman

Constipation in Children & Teens

Constipation is an extremely common — I would say epidemic — problem among children in Western countries - Steve Hodges MD

Contact Dermatitis

For those of us with sensitive skin, potential allergens and irritants are everywhere. If you’re prone to itchy, inflamed rashes, you’ve probably experienced contact dermatitis - Sandra Lee MD

Contact Lens

Thinking about trying contact lenses? Contact lenses are more versatile than ever before -

Contact Lens Infections

Infectious keratitis is a potentially blinding ocular condition of cornea which can cause severe visual loss if not treated at early stage. If the appropriate antimicrobial treatment is delayed, only 50% of the eyes gain good visual recovery - Raymond L. M. Wong

Contact Lenses

Thinking about trying contact lenses? Contact lenses are more versatile than ever before -


In short, there could be a time before showing symptoms that the person may be contagious, and usually the period of maximal infectiousness is in the three to five days after symptoms begin. However, they may be able to spread the virus for as long as two weeks after infection - Leana Wen MD

Continuing Education

Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school - Albert Einstein

Continuous Glucose Monitoring

The technology that helps people manage diabetes has gotten so good that patients sometimes feel trapped without it - Sara Dawn Johnson


Contraception is a vital part of women’s health care and does much more than “just” prevent pregnancy - Katherine McHugh

Contraceptive Implants

So why aren't we talking about hormonal implants? And why are only 0.5 percent of women using them? Are we more afraid of sticking a 4-centimeter plastic rod into our arms than a small piece of plastic and copper into our cervixes - Sarah Hope

Controller Medications

These are the most important drugs for most people with asthma. Anti-inflammatory drugs reduce swelling and mucus production in the airways. As a result, airways are less sensitive and less likely to react to triggers. These medications need to be taken daily and may need to be taken for several weeks before they begin to control asthma - Peggy Hoyt RN

Convalescent Plasma

Convalescent plasma therapy is a passive immunisation process. It is simply the transfusion of plasma containing antibodies from immune survivors of infectious diseases to the affected individuals - Niranjana Rajalakshmi

Convalescent Plasma Covid

Many options are being explored to treat COVID-19. These include new drugs specifically designed to target SARS-CoV-2, as well as “repurposed” drugs - that is, existing drugs designed to treat a different disease. By far the oldest treatment being tested, though, is convalescent plasma - Sarah L Caddy

Conversion Disorder

Healing from CD/FND is possible, but it takes a radical change of lifestyle to do it. It’s like a cancer that has to be carved out - Literarywildfire


What do you think of when you think of the colour purple? Purple Rain, Purple Haze or Lucky Heather maybe? It means much more to many people, as pink is to breast cancer, purple is to epilepsy - Epilepsy Sucks UK

Cooking Oils

All cooking oils are 100% fat, but the type of fat varies. Oils contain different ranges of saturated, polyunsaturated, and monounsaturated fats - Lynn Grieger RDN


Of all the ways to melt off your fat, fat freezing (aka cryolipolysis) is a new-ish one that people like because it’s a nonsurgical alternative to liposuction - Susan Rinkunas


COPD is a difficult disease, and it requires some toughness. But you should never ignore breathing trouble. The earlier help is sought when breathing trouble starts the easier it is for a physician to fix you - Respiratory Therapy Cave

COPD Beta 2 Agonists

Within the last few decades, the benefits of beta-2 agonists on the overall effect against mortality and morbidity have been a widely debated topic of discussion - Eric Hsu

COPD Drug Therapy

The prevalence of COPD has increased over the last decade and the drugs most commonly used to treat it, such as glucocorticoids and bronchodilators, have significant therapeutic effects; however, they also cause side effects, including infection and immunosuppression - Cuixue Wang

COPD Inhaled Corticosteroids

Since ICS in COPD can be both “friend” and “foe”, their addition to long-acting bronchodilator maintenance therapy in these patients must be personalised - Alvar Agusti

COPD Management

All patients should be counseled about and receive preventive measures such as smoking cessation and vaccination. Treatment should be guided by the severity of lung impairment, symptoms such as dyspnea, the amount of cough and sputum production, and how often a patient experiences an exacerbation - Craig M. Riley, MD

COPD Muscarinic Antagonists

For patients with COPD, ipratropium is superior to the beta-adrenergic agonists in both short- and long-term studies of acute bronchodilation and in long-term improvement in dyspnea and quality of life - Raed A Dweik MD


Copper is rarely discussed, but it’s the third most abundant trace mineral in our bodies - Reader's Digest

Copper IUD

Don’t believe everything you hear about the copper IUD. It’s a good option if you’re looking for a nonhormonal, long-acting, effective, and reversible contraceptive that can also be used for emergency contraception instead of Plan B or other options - Loren Cecil


One always worries when a medical remedy starts sounding like a Ginsu knife: It slices, it dices, it feeds your fish, it bathes your children...! But actually, the mechanism of action of CoQ10 is so very near the bedrock of our metabolism...David Katz MD

Cord Blood Donation

It could be life-saving - Umbilical cord blood is an extremely rich source of stem cells that are used to treat more than 80 life threatening diseases and disorders

Core measures

Quality should focus on the functional outcomes that mean the most to patients - Scott Wallace


Corn has an undeserved reputation as a fattening, carb-laden, genetically altered food. Add to that its association with high-fructose corn syrup and you may find yourself wondering if corn on the cob deserves a place - Lifetime Daily

Corn Syrup

Health risks have been so strongly associated with high-fructose corn syrup that passing a bottle of "corn syrup" in the grocery store might cause you to think, "Why are they selling that stuff - Brett Llenos Smith


A vital part of the eye, often overlooked - Gabriel Weston

Cornea Donation

Only 100,000 corneal transplants are performed each year worldwide due to the lack of access to donor tissue, which has been described as an international crisis in public health - Cornea Research Foundation

Cornea Transplantation

It is the most successful organ transplantation in the human body as cornea is devoid of vasculature, minimizing the risk of graft rejection - Rashmi Singh et al

Corneal Abrasion

Most respond spontaneously within 48 hours - FOAMcast

Corneal Foreign Bodies

Corneal foreign bodies account for the second most common form of ocular trauma, with corneal abrasions being number one. In general, major morbidity such as visual acuity loss is not common. Many corneal foreign bodies are superficial and benign, albeit uncomfortable - Anthony J. Camodeca

Corneal Ulcer

Despite varying etiologies and presentations, as well as dramatically different treatment approaches at times, corneal ulcers have one thing in common: the potential to cause devastating loss of vision—often rapidly - Sonal S. Tuli, MD

Coronary Angiography

The invasive coronary angiography is the gold standard in coronary artery disease evaluation. It is one of the most common operative procedures worldwide - Viktor Kočka

Coronary Angioplasty PTCA

Angioplasties during a heart attack have been proven to saves lives. Angioplasties to relieve chronic angina have never been proven to actually reduce chest pain - Ethan Weiss

Coronary Artery Bypass

Peaking in the 90s, coronary bypass is no longer the 'go to' procedure for the treatment of coronary artery disease - Alice Park

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