The act of vomiting deserves your respect. It's an orchestral event of the gut - Mary Roach


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Practical Selection of Antiemetics in the Ambulatory Setting

Nausea and vomiting are mediated primarily by three neurotransmitter pathways: visceral stimulation releases dopamine and serotonin; vestibular and central nervous system activation release histamine and acetylcholine; and chemoreceptor trigger zone activation releases dopamine and serotonin.

Clinicians can improve the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of treatments by targeting the appropriate pathways. Antihistamines and anticholinergics are most effective in patients with vestibular-mediated nausea secondary to vertigo. Serotonin antagonists block serotonin in the intestines and chemoreceptor trigger zone, and are most effective for treating gastroenteritis. Dopamine antagonists…

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Last Updated : Monday, June 17, 2019