Strabismus is a condition that occurs when the eyes are not properly aligned with each other. It is often referred to as “crossed eye” or “turned eye.” One eye will appear to be either turned in or turned out. When the eye is turned in it is an esotropia; when it is turned out it is an exotropia.
Many people make the mistake of saying that a person who has a crossed or turned eye has a "lazy eye," but amblyopia and strabismus are not the same condition. Some of the confusion may be due to the fact that an eye turn can cause lazy eye. In other words, amblyopia can result from a constant unilateral strabismus (i.e., an eye that turns or deviates all of the time). Alternating or intermittent strabismus (an eye turn which occurs only some of the time) rarely causes amblyopia.
“The most common event preceding the onset of intractable diplopia was strabismus surgery, accounting for almost a third of cases.”
He invented it to treat strabismus; it's now used for everything from migraines and chewing problems to drooling, hair loss and urinary incontinence.
Strabismus is a common condition among children. About 4 percent of all children in the United States have strabismus. It can also occur later in life. It may run in families; however, many people with strabismus have no relatives with the problem.
Strabismus: “The Disorder that is both Obvious and Hidden”. Whenever I hear or read the words strabismus or infantile esotropia, my heart stops and a pervasive feeling of numbness runs through my entire body. Immediately I know I am different in a way that is not good. I am alone and vulnerable in my state of physical and pathological difference. It seems like I am the only one in the world like this. And then the moment passes, and just like the disorder, never entirely going away.
I have strabismus, and my eyes are lazy in different directions (left eye rolls up, right eye rolls in). I've spent some time figuring out the angles and distances that make my “laziness” less obvious to the unsuspecting observer, but it's still noticeable after a little while. I also have no depth perception or 3-D vision because I only use one eye at a time.
Strabismus publishes articles on all areas of the field including esotropia, exotropia, hypertropia, and Duane's Syndrome. The quarterly publication also discusses related disorders including amblyopia, infant visual development, binocular vision, stereopsis, suppression, amblyopia-related disorders of refraction, visual stimulus deprivation, and anisometropia.
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Strabismus in children does not go away on its own and strabismus in adults is treatable...
The Strabismus Research Foundation (SRF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit operating foundation dedicated to translational research in ocular motility.
AAPOS is the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. The organization's goals are to advance the quality of children's eye care, support the training of pediatric ophthalmologists, support research activities in pediatric ophthalmology, and advance the care of adults with strabismus.
Proper eye alignment is important to avoid seeing double, for good depth perception, and to prevent the development of poor vision in the turned eye. When the eyes are misaligned, the brain receives two different images. At first, this may create double vision and confusion. But over time the brain will learn to ignore the image from the turned eye. Untreated eye turning can lead to permanently reduced vision in one eye. This condition is called amblyopia or lazy eye.
The Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus is a bimonthly peer-reviewed publication for pediatric ophthalmologists. The Journal has published original articles on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of eye disorders in the pediatric age group and the treatment of strabismus in all age groups...