More than most other pandemic diseases (malaria, cholera, plague, etc.) and more than airborne diseases (influenza, swine flu, H5N1, etc.) that are transmitted indiscriminately through the air, this disease is passed through very minute amounts of bodily fluid - Benjamin Hale


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Ebola: what are the symptoms, how does it spread and where did it come from?

The Ebola virus disease can now be treated. The PALM clinical trial – implemented between 2018 and 2020 in the DRC – has evaluated four drug candidates. Two of them – Inmazeb and Ebanga – were approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in October and December 2020 to treat the Ebola virus disease caused by the Ebola virus. They are made available to patients by the World Health Organization (WHO) during Ebola outbreaks and aren’t available in the market.

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 Ebola: what are the symptoms, how does it spread and where did it come from?

People can be vaccinated against one strain, the Zaire Ebola virus. It became a preventable disease following the validation of one vaccine candidate during the Ca Suffit Ebola clinical trial in 2015 in Guinea. The Ebola vaccine rVSV-ZEBOV (called Ervebo®) was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in December 2019. This vaccine is given as a single dose vaccine and has been found to be safe and protective with a reported 100% efficacy.

11 things you need to know about Ebola

In early 2014, the largest-ever Ebola outbreak started up in Guinea and eventually spread to eight other countries by the following year. It challenged West Africa — and the global health order. Here's what you need to know.

Ebola Emergency Management

In general, the majority of febrile patients presenting to the ED do not have Ebola Virus Disease, and the risk posed by patients with early, limited symptoms is lower than that from a patient hospitalized with severe Ebola Virus Disease. Nevertheless, because early symptoms of Ebola Virus Disease are similar to other febrile illnesses, triage and evaluation processes in the ED should consider and systematically assess patients for the possibility of Ebola Virus Disease.

Ebola Fast Facts

Ebola Fast Facts

Ebola for Clinicians

Information for healthcare workers and settings.

Tara's Ebola site

Ebola is one of the most lethal viruses that infects primates. It has a mortality rate that ranges from 53-88%. It is endemic to Africa and to the Philippines. Due to its highly pathogenic nature, scientific research conducted on Ebola must be conducted in a Biosafety Level 4 laboratory (AIDS/HIV is a Biosafetly Level 2 virus).


Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola HF) is one of numerous Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers. It is a severe, often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (such as monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees).


Latest news on viral hemorrhagic fever including Ebola.

Doctors Without Borders

DWB’s strategy to control Ebola is organised into six elements: isolation and supportive medical care for cases, including laboratory capacity to confirm infection; safe burial activities in case management facilities and in communities; awareness-raising; alert and surveillance in the community; contact tracing; and access to healthcare for non-Ebola patients, including protection of health facilities and health workers. These activities are interdependent and all must be in place to contain the epidemic.


Ebola virus disease (formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever) is a severe, often fatal illness, with a case fatality rate of up to 90%. It is one of the world’s most virulent diseases. Involving everyone: social mobilization is key in an Ebola outbreak response.


The likelihood of catching Ebola virus disease is considered very low unless you've travelled to a known infected area and had direct contact with a person with Ebola-like symptoms, or had contact with an infected animal or contaminated objects.

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