Both natural and intentional biological threats pose significant threats and merit our nation’s attention to mitigate their impact - Bill and Melinda Gates


image by: Deadly Collections: Bioweapons, Laboratories, Terrorists, and Politics

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Haunting spectre of bioterrorism

The Cobra Event” written by Richard Preston in 1998 is a science thriller which narrates a botched bioterrorism offensive on the USA. In the book, the perpetrator of the attack, clones a virulent smallpox genome with a highly contagious common cold virus, and cranks out a genetically engineered virus, codenamed “Cobra”. The resultant virus which is as contagious as common cold and as deadly as smallpox, manoeuvres itself to the brain of the infected person, where it replicates exponentially and annihilates the brain cells. As a consequence, of its relentless onslaught the infected person is left to die of a disease called “Brain-pox”. In 1998, when President Bill Clinton came across Preston’s…

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 Haunting spectre of bioterrorism

Biological agents have been used since antiquity to attack the enemies. The ancient Hittites marched victims of plague into the cities of their enemies; Herodotus talks of archers’ firing arrows dipped in manure to cause infection. In 650 BC, Assyrian politicians dumped fungus from rye into their opponents’ wells, causing people to suffer from fatal ergot poisoning.

The Pandora Project

We are the students and faculty of the George Mason University Schar School of Policy and Government Biodefense program. This site’s goal is to provide a knowledge hub for biodefense related issues and to share our work with the world.


Welcome to the companion Web site to "Bioterror," originally broadcast on November 13, 2001. The film follows three New York Times reporters as they delve into the murky past of bioweapons research and grapple with the current threat of anthrax and other attacks.

1st SPOT Bioterrorism

Webliography, articles, links and resources.


Some bioterrorism agents, like the smallpox virus, can be spread from person to person and some, like anthrax, can not. For information on which bioterrorism agents can be spread from person to person, please see the alphabetical list of bioterrorism agents.


The Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP; "SID-wrap") is a global leader in addressing public health preparedness and emerging infectious disease response. Founded in 2001, CIDRAP is part of the Academic Health Center at the University of Minnesota.

Federation of American Scientists

Biosecurity and biodefense resource

Health Canada

Chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive (CBRNE) events refer to the uncontrolled release of chemicals, biological agents or radioactive contamination into the environment or explosions that cause widespread damage. CBRNE events can be caused by accidents or by terrorist acts.

Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense

Understanding of microbial life forms allowed us to combat numerous diseases and prevent ourselves from harmful pathogens. On the contrary, hatred among ourselves diverted our precious scientific knowledge to harm each other and gave rise to the biological warfare in terms of bioterrorism. The journal considers different topics under the biodefense and bioterrorism subject.


Biodefense and bioterrorism news, articles, information.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

The use of micro-organisms to cause disease is a growing concern for public health officials and agricultural bodies. The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 and the subsequent bio-terrorist releases of anthrax have led to an increased awareness of workplaces as possible terrorist targets.


The threat of biological weapons poses unique challenges for government officials charged with devising immediate and longer-term response plans. RAND has developed exercises to train and evaluate the preparedness of state and local public health agencies to respond to bioterrorism. RAND researchers have also examined the longer-term psychological consequences of bioterrorism and created guidelines to improve individual preparedness for chemical, radiological, nuclear, and biological attacks.

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